ODES OF SOLOMON , a collection of 42
See also:hymns, probably dating from the end of the 1st century, known to the early Christian
See also:Church (as is proved by the quotations and comments in the 3rd century gnostic
See also:book, Pistis
See also:Sophia, and a
See also:short extract in the Institutes of Lactantius) . They were recovered by Dr Rendel
See also:Harris in 1908 from a 16th-century
See also:manuscript (containing also the Psalms of Solomon, see below) in his possession . The first, second, and
See also:part of the, third odes are missing, but the first has been restored from the Pistis Sophia . Of their authorship nothing is known, " Solomon " being a recognized pseudonym . While there are thoughts and expressions which lend themselves to gnostic use, there is nothing in the odes which is of distinctively gnostic origin . Many of them, indeed, are unmistakably Christian, and the writer of the Pistis Sophia seems to have regarded them as almost if not quite canonical, a fact which secures at latest a 2nd-century origin . Dr Harris indeed would date several of them between A.D . 75 and
See also:loo . They contain few traces of the New Testament, and the words "
See also:gospel " and " church " are not found . Here and there a Johannine atmosphere is detected, though not sufficiently to justify the
See also:assumption that the author knew the. writer. of the
See also:Fourth Gospel . References to the
See also:life and teaching, of Christ are rare, though the Virgin
See also:Birth is alluded to in . Ode 19 in a passage marked by legendary embellishment, and the descent into Hades is spoken of in quite the apocryphal
See also:style in Ode 42 .
These odes are probably among the latest in the book.` There are no clear allusions to
See also:baptism and none at all to the eucharistic celebration . One passage speaks of ministers (perhaps-- = deacons) who are entrusted with the
See also:water of life to
See also:hand to others; the word "
See also:priest " occurs once, at the beginning of Ode 2o, " I am a priest of the
See also:Lord, and to Him I do priestly service, and to Him I offer the sacrifices of His thought," The odes, which are perhaps the product of a school of writers, and were originally written in Greek, vary in execution and spiritual
See also:tone, but are generally characterized by a buoyant feeling of Christian joy .
See also:Harnack considers that they
See also:form a Jewish Grundschrift, with a number of Christian interpolations; only two are " purely Christian," while several " colourless ones, are more likely Jewish . He finds in them a
See also:link between the piety and
See also:theology of the Testaments of the Twelve Pattiarchs and that of the Johannine gospel and epistles . See J . Rendel Harris, The Odes and Psalms of Solomon (1909) ;, An Early Christian Psalter (1909) ; Joh . Flemming and A . Harnack, Ein judisch-christliches Psalmbuch aus dem ersten Jahrhundert (
See also:Leipzig, 1910) ; The Times (
See also:April 7, 1910) ; W . E .
See also:Barnes, in Journ.' of Theol . Studies, xi . 615, and The Expositor (
See also:July 191o) ; F .
See also:Spitta, in Zeitschrift fur N.T . Wissenschaft, xi . 193 .
SOLOMON ISLANDS (Ger., Salomoinseln)
PSALMS OF SOLOMON
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