Online Encyclopedia

SOMMER

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V25, Page 393 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SOMMER, in architecture, a girder or main beam of a floor; if supported on two storey posts and open below, it is called a bress or breast-summer. The word is also spelled " summer,” and is the same as " Sumpter,” a pack-horse, Fr. sommier, O. Fr., saume, from Low Lat. salma, pack, burden, Gr. o-ayua, ahrrav, to fasten a pack on a horse.
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