THE SOUND (Danish Oresund) , the easternmost of the straits giving entrance to the Baltic
See also:Sea from the Cattegat, between the Danish
See also:island of Zealand and Sweden . Its extreme length reckoned from the promontory of Kullen to that of Falsterbo, both on the
See also:shore, is 70 M . Its narrowest point is between Helsingor in Denmark and
See also:Helsingborg in Sweden, which are 3 M. apart . Its extreme width, 30 m., is towards the south, where Kjoge
See also:Bay indents the
See also:coast of Zealand . Three islands lie in it—Hven, belonging to Sweden, and Saltholm and Amager (which is separated from Zealand by a narrow channel at
See also:Copenhagen), belonging to Denmark . The strait between Amager and Saltholm is called Drogden, and is followed by the larger vessels passing through the Sound . The extreme
See also:depth of the Sound is about 14 fathoms . Navigation is open in winter, though three instances are recorded of the Sound being frozen completely over: in 1306, 183o and 1836 . From the 15th century Denmark levied " Sound dues " on
See also:foreign vessels passing through the strait, the Hanse traders and certain others being exempt . In the 17th century quarrels arose
See also:matter between Denmark and the
See also:Netherlands and while in
See also:modern times the
See also:powers found the dues and in 1843 and 1853 protests were made by the representatives of the
See also:United States of
See also:America, but Denmark based her right on immemorial
See also:custom, and adhered to it . In 1856 the matter came up in connexion with the renewal of the treaty of 1826 between the two countries; considerable tension resulted, and the possibility of reprisals by the United States against the Danish possessions in the West Indies was discussed . But the treaty was provisionally extended to the following
See also:year, and a
See also:conference in Copenhagen, at which most of the affected powers were represented, resulted in the remission of the dues from the 1st of
See also:April 1857, Denmark receiving a united compensation of 30,476,325
See also:rix-dollars (equalling about £4,000,000), out of which the amount paid by the
See also:government was £1,125,000 .
See also:annual income accruing to Denmark from the dins during the ten previous years had been about 2,500,000 rix-dollars .
SOUNDING (for derivation see SOUND above)
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