Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V14, Page 275 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SOURCES.ā€”" Acts of the Seventh Ecumenical 'Council held in Nicaea, 787," in Mansi's Concilia, vols. ail. and xiii.; " Acts of the Iconoclast Council of 815," in a treatise of Nicephorus discovered by M. Serruys and printed in the Seances Acad. des Inscri pt. (May 1903) Theophanes, Chronographia, edit. de Boor (Leipzig, 1883ā€“1885); and Parr. Gr. vol. 1o8. Also his " Continuators" in Pair. Gr. vol. 1o9; Nicephorus, Chronicon, edit. de Boor (Leipzig, 188o), and Patr. Gr. vol. Too; Georgius Monachus, Chronicon, edit. Muralt (Petersburg, 1859), and Pair. Gr. ITo; anonymous " Life of Leo the Armenian" in Pair. Gr. 1o8; The Book of the Kings, by Joseph Genesios, Patr. Gr. log; " Life of S. Stephanus, Junior," Pate. Gr. too; " St John of Damascus," three " Sermones ' against the iconoclasts, Pair. Gr. 95; Nicephorus Patriarch, "'Antii'rhetici," Pair. Gr. Too; Theodore Studita, ` Antirrhetici," Patr. Gr. 99. For bibliography of con-temporary hymns, letters, &c., bearing on the controversy see K. Krumbacher's History of Byzantine Literature, 2nd ed. p. 674. Literature: Louis Brehier, La Querelle des images, and Les Origines du crucifix (Paris, 1964) ; Librairie Blond, in French, each volume 6o centimes (brief but admirable) ; Karl Schwartzlose, Der Bilderstreit (Gotha, 189o) ; Karl Schenk, " The Emperor Leo Ill.," in Byzant. Zeitschrift (1896, German) ; Th. Uspenskij, Skizzen zur Geschichte der byzantinischen Kultur (St Petersburg, 1892, Russian) ;Lombard ,Etudes d'histoire byzantine; Constantine V.( Paris, 1902, Biblioth. de l'universite de Paris, xvi.) ; A.Tougard, La Persecution iconoclaste (Paris, 1897); and Rev. des questions historiques (1891); Maria, Les Moines de Constantinople (Paris, 1897, bk. iv. Les Moines et les empereurs iconoclastes); Alice Gardner, Theodore of Studium (London, 1905); Louis Maimbourg, Histoire de l'heresie des iconoclastes (Paris, 167gā€“1683); J. Daille (Dallaeus), De imaginibus (Leiden, 1642, and in French, Geneva, 1641); Spanheim, Historia imaginum (Leiden, 1686). See also the account of this epoch in the Histories of Neander, Gibbon and Milman; Aug. Fr. Gfrorer, " Der Bildersturm" in Byzantinische Geschichte 2 (1873) ; C. J. von Hefele, Conciliengeschichte 3 (1877), 366 if. (also in English translation; Karl Krumbacher. Rvzant. Literaturgeschichte (2nd ed. p. 1090). (F. C. C.)
End of Article: SOURCES
SOUNDING (for derivation see SOUND above)

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