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SOURCES AND LITERATURE

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Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 273 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SOURCES AND LITERATURE.—Next to the works of Origen (see Redepenning, " Des Hieronymus wiederaufgefundenes Verzeichnis der Schrif ten des Origens," in Zeit. f. d. hist. Theot. (1851), pp. 66 seq.) the most important sources are: Gregory Thaumat., Panegyricus in Orig.; Eusebius, H.E. vi.; Epiphanius, Haer. 64; the works of Methodius, the Cappadocians, Jerome (see De vie. ill. 54, 61) and Rufinus; Vincent. Lerin. Commonit. 23; Palladius, Hist. Laus. 147; Justinian, Ep. ad Mennam (Mansi, ix. p. 487 seq.); Photius, Biblioth. 118, &c. There is no complete critical edition of Origen's works. The best edition is that of Car. and C. Vine. Delarue (4 vols. fol.) (Paris, 1733–1759), reprinted by Lommatzsch (25 vols. 8vo) (Berlin, 1831–1848) and by Migne, Patrol. curs. compl. see. Gr., vols. xi.-xvii. Several new pieces have been edited by Gallandi and A. Mai. Amongst the older works on Origen those of Huetius (printed in Delarue, vol. iv.) are the best; but Tillemont, Fabricius, Walch (Historie d. Ketzereien, vii. pp. 362-76o) and Schrockh also deserve to be mentioned. In recent times the doctrine of Origen has been expounded in the great works on church history by Baur, Dorner, Bohringer, Neander, Molter (Geschichte der Kosmologie in der griechischen Kirche) and Kahnis (Die Lehre vom h. Geist, vol. i.); compare with these the works on the history of philosophy by Ritter, Erdmann, Ueberweg and Zeller. Of monographs, the best and most complete is Redepenning, Origenes, eine Darstellung seines Lebens and seiner Lehre (2 vols., 1841, 1846). Compare Thomasius, Orig. (183.7) ; Kruger, " Uber das Verhaltnis des Orig. zu Ammonius Sakkas," in the Ztschr. f. hist. Theol. (1843), i. p. 46 seq.; Fischer, Comment. de Orig. theologia et cosmologia (1846); Ramers, Orig. Lehre von der Auferstehung des Fleisches (1851); Knittel, " Orig. Lehre von der Menschwerdung," in the Theol. Quartalschr. (1872); Schultz, " Christologie des Orig.," in the Jahrb. f. protest. Theol. (1875); Mehlhorn, " Die Lehre von der menschlichen Freiheit nach Orig.," in Zeitschr. f. Kirchengesch. vol. ii. (1878); Freppel, Origene, vol. i., 2nd ed. (Paris, 1875). A full list of the later bibliography will be found in Harnack's Dogmengeschichte and Chronologie. (A. HA.)
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