Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 49 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SOURCES OF INFORMATION.—The works mentioned above, and T. D. Acland, Some Account of the Origin and Objects of the New Oxford Examinations for the Title of Associate in Arts (London, 1858) ; Matthew Arnold, Higher Schools and Universities in Germany (1874) ; Graham Balfour, The Educational Systems of Great Britain and Ireland (2nd ed., Oxford, 1903); W. W. Rouse Ball, Origin and History of the Mathematical' Tripos (Cambridge, 1880) ; Adolf Beier, Die hoheren Schulen in Preussen and ilzre Lehrer (1902–1906) (in progress) ; Cloudesley Brereton, " A New Method of awarding Scholarships," School World, 1907, p. 409; G. C. Brodrick, A History of the University of Oxford (London, 1886) ; F. Buisson, Dictionnaire de pedagogie (1880—1887); Lord Curzon of Kedleston, Principles and Methods of University Reform (1909); J. Demogeot and H. Montucci, De l'enseignement superieur en Angleterre et en Ecosse (1870); H. Denifle, Die Universitdten des Mittelalters bis 1400 (Berlin, 1885) ; F. Y. Edgeworth, " The Statistics of Examinations," and " The Element of Chance in Competitive Examinations," Journal of the Statistical Society, 1888 and 1890 respectively; H. W. Eve, Lecture " On Marking," in The Practice of Education (Cambridge, 1883) ; Charles E. Fawsitt, The Education of the Examiner (Royal Philosophical Society of Glasgow) (Glasgow, 1905) ; J. G. Fitch. " The Proposed Admission of Girls to the University Local Examination," Education Miscellanies (1865), vol. x.; W. Garnett, " The Representation of certain Examination Results," Journ. Statist. Soc. (Jan. 1910) ; G. Stanley Hall, Adolescence (London, 1905) ; Sir W. Hamilton, Discussions on Philosophy (London, 1853) ; P. J. Hartog, " Universities, Schools and Examinations " in the University Review (July 1905); P. J. Hartog and Mrs A. H. Langdon, The Writing of English (1907) ; Auberon Herbert (edited by), The Sacrifice of Education to Examination, Letters from " All Sorts and Conditions of Men " (1889); Influence of Examinations, Report by a Committee, British Association Reports for 1903, p. 434. and for 1904, p. 360; John Jebb, Remarks upon the Present Mode of Education in the University of Cambridge (4th ed., 1774) ; Henry Latham, On the Action of Examinations (Cambridge, 1877); H. C. Maxwell Lyte, A History of the University of Oxford to the Year 1530 (London, 1886) ; W. A. P. Martin, The Lore of Cathay (Edinburgh and London, 1901); J. B. Mullinger, The University of Cambridge (Cambridge, 1873) ; How to pass Examinations successfully, by an Oxford Coach; Mark Patti-son, Suggestions on Academical Organization (Edinburgh, 1868); Friedrich Paulsen, The German Universities and University Study (London, 1906) and Geschichte des gelehrten Unterrichts (Leipzig, 1896) ; George Peacock, Observations on the Statutes of the University of Cambridge (1841); Programme des examen du nouveau baccalaureat de l'enseignement secondaire, Delalain freres, Paris; Hastings Rashdall, The Universities of Europe in'the Middle Ages (Oxford, 1895); Rein's Encyklopadisches Handbuch der Padagogik (ended., 1902, &e.), articles " Prufungen " (by F. Paulsen), &c.; Third Report of the Royal Commissioners on Scientific Instructions,. 1873; J. E. ThoroId Rogers, Education in Oxford (1861) ; M. E. Sadler, "Memorandum on the Leaving Examinations . . . in the Secondary Schools of Prussia," in Report of Royal Commission on Secondary Education, vol. V. p. 27 (1895); C. A. Schmid, Geschichte der Erziehung (Stuttgart, 1884, &c.), and Encyklopddie des gesammten Erziekungs- and Unterrichtswesens (2nd ed., 1876-87), articles" Prufung," " Schulprufungen," " Versetzungsprufungen," &c. ; Scholarships, various papers on, by H. B. Baker, A. A. David, H. A. Miers, M. E. Sadler and H. Bompas Smith, and others, British Association Report, 1907,49 pp. 707-718; Arthur Schuster, article on " Universities and Examinations " in the University Review (May 1905) ; W. H. Sharp, The Educational System of Japan (Office of the Director-General of Education in India) (Bombay, 1906); Special Educational Reports, issued by the Board of Education, passim; A. M. M. Stedman, Oxford: its Life and Schools (London, 1887) ; I. Todhunter, Conflict of Studies (1873) ; William Whewell, Of a Liberal Education (London, 1845) ; Christopher Wordsworth, Scholae academicae (Cambridge, 1877) ; Etienne Zi (or Siu or Sell), Pratique des examens litteraires en Chine (Shanghai, 1894). Private information from Professor M. E. Sadler and Mr A. E. Twentyman. (P. J. H.; A. WN.)

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