Online Encyclopedia

SPAHIS (in Persian Sipari, meaning wa...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V25, Page 527 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SPAHIS (in Persian Sipari, meaning warriors, and synonymous with Sepoy) originally the holders of fiefs in Central Asia who yielded personal military service to their superior chief. In time the term came to be applied to the soldiery furnished in their own stead. A similar institution existed in Turkey, and the " Spahis " were the light irregular cavalry which from the time of Sultan Amurath I. (1326) down to the beginning of the 19th century formed the flower of the Turkish army; at one period they are estimated to have numbered 130,000. " Spahis " is the term now applied to certain native cavalry regiments in Algiers and Tunis, officered by Frenchmen.
End of Article: SPAHIS (in Persian Sipari, meaning warriors, and synonymous with Sepoy)
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