STENDAL , a
See also:town of Germany, in the province of Prussian Saxony, picturesquely situated on the Uchte, 70 M . ' W. of Berlin on the
See also:line of railway to Hanover'and at the junction of lines to
See also:Magdeburg and
See also:Wittenberge . Pop.`(19o5), 23,281 . Among the
See also:relics of its former importance are the
See also:cathedral, built in 1420—1424 (though originally founded in 1188), restored in 1893 and now
See also:housing the archaeological collection of the Altmark, the
See also:church of St Mary, founded in 1447, a "Roland
See also:column" of 1535, and two fortified gateways, dating from the 13th century . The last
See also:form the chief remains of the
See also:ancient fortifications, the site of which is now mostly occupied by promenades . A
See also:monument to the archaeologist Johann
See also:Joachim Winckdmann (1717—1768) commemorates his
See also:birth in the town . Stendal is the seat. of a large railway workshop, and carries on various branches' of textile
See also:industry, besides the manufacture of
See also:tobacco, machinery, stoves, gold-
See also:leaf, &c . The earliest printing-
See also:press in the Altmark was erected here, and published 'an edition of the Sachsenspiegel in 1488 as its first
See also:book . Stendal was founded in 1151 by
See also:Albert the Bear, on the site of a Wendish settlement, and soon afterwards acquired a municipal
See also:charter . Becoming capital of the Altmark and a frequent imperial residence, it
See also:rose to a considerable degree of prosperity, in
See also:part recently restored to it by its railway connexions . When the mark was divided in 1258, Stendal became the seat of the elder or Stendal branch. of the
See also:house of Ascania, which, however, became
See also:extinct in • 1320 . The
See also:Wends were gradually fused with the later
See also:Saxons, although the Platea Slavonica, mentioned in 1475, was still distinguished as the
See also:Wenden Strasse in 1567 .
Thepopulation still exhibits a marked
See also:clement . See G6tze, Urkundliche Geschichte der Stadt Siendal (Stendal, 1873) .
NICOLAUS STENO (1631-1686)
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