See also:king of Hungary, was the eldest son of Bela IV., whom he succeeded in 1270 . As
See also:prince he had exhibited considerable ability, but also a disquieting restlessness and violence . In 1262 he compelled his
See also:father, whom he had assisted in the Bohemian War, to surrender twenty-nine counties to him, so that Hungary was virtually divided into two kingdoms . Not content with this he subsequently seized the
See also:southern banate of Macao, which led to a fresh war between father and son in which the latter triumphed . In 1268 he undertook an expedition against the Bulgarians, conquering the
See also:land as far as Tirnova and styling himself hence-forth king of Bulgaria .
See also:Stephen was a keen and circumspect politician, and for his future security contracted, during his father's lifetime, a
See also:double' matrimonial
See also:alliance with the Neapolitan princes of the
See also:House of
See also:Anjou, the chief partisans of the
See also:pope . He certainly needed exterior support; for on his accession to the Hungarian
See also:throne, as he himself declared, every one was his enemy . This hostility was due to the almost universal opinion of western
See also:Europe that Stephen was a semi-
See also:pagan . His father had married him while still a youth (c . 1255) to
See also:Elizabeth, daughter of the Kumanian chieftain Koteny, with a view to binding the Kumanians (who could put in the
See also:field 16,000 men; see HUNGARY:
See also:History) more closely to the
See also:dynasty in the then by no means improbable contingency of a second Tatar invasion . The
See also:lady was duly baptized and remained a Christian; but the adversaries of Stephen, especially Ottakar II. of Bohemia, affected to believe that Stephen was too
See also:great a friend of the Kumanians to be a true Catholic .
Ottakar endeavoured, with the aid of the Magyar malcontents, to conquer the western provinces of Hungary, but after some successes was utterly routed by Stephen in 1271 near Mosony, and by thepeace of Pressburg, the same
See also:year, relinquished all his conquests . Stephen died suddenly on the 6th of
See also:Charles, the son of Charles of Anjou, was to marry Stephen's daughter Maria, while Stephen's
See also:infant son
See also:Ladislaus was to marry Charles's daughter Elizabeth . Another of his daughters, Anna, married the Greek emperor Andronicus
See also:Palaeologus.1272, just as he was raising an army to recover his kidnapped infant son Ladislaus from the hands of his rebellious vassals . See Ignacz Acsady, History of the Hungarian
See also:Realm, vol. i . (Hung.;
See also:Budapest, 1903) . (R . N .
STEPHEN KEMBLE (1758-1822)
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