See also:Stirling of
See also:Garden, and
See also:grandson of
See also:Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir (
See also:Lord Garden, a lord of session), was
See also:born at Garden,
See also:Stirlingshire, in 1692 . At eighteen years of age he went to
See also:Oxford, where, chiefly through the influence of the
See also:earl of
See also:Mar, he was nominated (1711) one of
See also:Bishop Warner's exhibitioners at Balliol . In 1715 he was expelled on account of his
See also:correspondence with members of the Keir and Garden families, who were noted
See also:Jacobites, and had been
See also:accessory to the " Gathering of the Brig o' Turk " in 1708 . From Oxford he made his way to Venice, where he occupied himself as a
See also:professor of
See also:mathematics . In 1717 appeared his Lineae tertii ordinis Newtonianae, sive . . . (8vo, Oxford) . While in Venice, also, he communicated, through Sir Isaac
See also:Newton, to the Royal Society a paper entitled " Methodus differentialis Newtoniana illustrata" (Phil . Trans., 1718) . Fearing assassination on account of having discovered a
See also:trade secret of the
See also:glass-makers of Venice, he returned with Newton's help to
See also:London about the
See also:year 1725 . In London he remained for ten years, being most
See also:part of the
See also:time connected with an academy in Tower Street, and devoting his leisure to mathematics and correspondence with eminent mathematicians . In 1730 his most important
See also:work was published, the Methodus differentialis, sive traclatus de summa-/lone el interpolatione serierum infinitarum (4to, London), which, it must be noted, is something more than an expansion of the paper of 1718 .
In 1735 he communicated to the Royal Society a paper " On the Figure of the
See also:Earth, and on the Variation of the Force of Gravity at its
See also:Surface." In the same year he was appointed manager for the Scots
See also:Company at Ieadhills . We are thus prepared to find that his next paper to the Royal Society was concerned, not with pure, but with applied science—" Description of a Machine to
See also:Fire by the Fall of
See also:Water " (Phil . Trans . 1745) . His name is also connected with another
See also:practical undertaking, since grown to vast dimensions . The accounts of the city of
See also:Glasgow for 1752 show that the very first
See also:instalment of ten millions sterling spent in making Glasgow a seaport, viz. a sum of £28, 4s . 4d., was for a
See also:tea-kettle to be presented to "
See also:James Stirling, mathematician, for his service, pains, and trouble in
See also:surveying the
See also:river towards deepening it by locks." Stirling died in
See also:Edinburgh on the 5th of
See also:December 1770 . See W .
See also:Fraser, The Stirlings of Keir, and their
See also:Family Papers, (Edinburgh, 1858) ; "
See also:History of
See also:Leadhills," in
See also:Magazine (
See also:June, 18B3); Brewster,
See also:Memoirs of Sir Isaac Newton, ii . 300, 307, 411, 516; J . Nicol, Vital
See also:Statistics of Glasgow (1881-1885), p . 70; Glasgow
See also:Herald (Aug .
5, 1886) . Another edition of the Lineae tertii ordinis was published in
See also:Paris in 1797; another edition of the Methodus differentialis in London in 1764; and a
See also:translation of the latter into
See also:English by Halliday in London in 1749 . A considerable collection of
See also:literary remains, consisting of papers, letters and two
See also:manuscript volumes of a
See also:treatise on weights and
See also:measures, are still preserved at Garden .
JAMES HUTCHISON STIRLING (182o-1909)
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