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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V25, Page 951 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SIR G STOKES. G. 951 entered into partnership with the Copelands, who continued his business. Herbert Minton (1793—1858) was the founder of another of the large works. The parliamentary borough returns one member. In the Domesday Survey of Io86 half the church of Stoke and lands in Stoca are said to have belonged to Robert of Stafford. Part of Stoke (Stoche or Stoca) at this time belonged to the Crown, since the royal estate of Penculla (now Penkhull) was included within its bounds. Frequent references to the parish church of Stoke are found during the 14th and 15th centuries. Contemporary writers from 1787 onwards describe Stoke as a market town, but the official evidence states that the market rights were not acquired until 1845. Since then the market days have been Saturday and Monday. Stoke-upon-Trent became the railway centre and' head of the parliamentary borough of Stoke-upon-Trent, comprising the whole of the Staffordshire Potteries, which was created by the Reform Bill of 1832. In 1894 it was incorporated as a municipality. From 1833 to 1885 Stoke returned two members to parliament. From the early 17th century, if not earlier, porcelain and earthenware manufactories existed at Stoke-upon-Trent, but they remained unnoticed until in 1686 Dr Plot wrote his survey of Stafford-shire. In the middle of the 18th century there was a great industrial development in the Pottery district. See John Ward, The Borough of Stoke-upon-Trent (London, 1843).
End of Article: SIR G STOKES

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