See also:Armagh, was the son of Andrew
See also:Stone, a
See also:London banker, and was educated at
See also:Westminster School and Christ
See also:Oxford . Having taken
See also:holy orders his
See also:advancement in the Church was very rapid, mainly through the influence of his
See also:brother Andrew . Andrew Stone (1703—1773), who was five years older than
See also:George, became private secretary to the duke of Newcastle about 1729, and was for many years on the most intimate and confidential terms both with the duke and with his brother
See also:Henry Pelham . In 1734 he was appointed under-secretary of state, and he soon gained a position of
See also:personal influence with George II. by whom he was made tutor to
See also:Prince George, afterwards George III . On the accession of the latter to the
See also:throne, Andrew Stone was appointed treasurer to
See also:Charlotte, and attaching himself to
See also:Lord Bute he became an influential member of the party known as " the
See also:king's friends," whose meetings were frequently held at his
See also:house . He was, therefore, well able to promote the preferment of his brother George, who went to
See also:Ireland as
See also:chaplain to the duke of Dorset when that nobleman became lord-
See also:lieutenant in 1731 . In 1733 George Stone was made dean of Ferns, and in the following
See also:year he exchanged this deanery for that of Derry; in 1740 he became
See also:bishop of Ferns, in 1743 bishop of
See also:Kildare, in 1745 bishop of Derry, and in 1747 archbishop of Armagh . During the two years that he occupied the see of Kildare he was also dean of
See also:Dublin . From the moment that he became primate of Ireland, Stone proved himself more a politician than an ecclesiastic . " He was said to have been selfish, worldly-minded, ambitious and ostentatious; and he was accused, though very probably falsely, of
See also:gross private
See also:vice." 1 His aim was to secure
See also:political power, a
See also:desire which brought him into conflict with Boyle, the
See also:Speaker of the Irish House of
See also:Commons, who had organized a formidable opposition to the
See also:government . The duke of Dorset's reappointment to the lord-lieutenancy in 1751, with his son Lord George Sackville as secretary of state for Ireland, strengthened the primate's position and enabled him to
See also:triumph over the popular party on the constitutional question as to the right of the Irish House of Commons to dispose of surplus Irish revenue, which the government maintained was the
See also:property of the
See also:Crown . But when Dorset was replaced by the duke of Devonshire in 1755, Boyle was raised to the
See also:peerage as
See also:earl of Shannon and received a pension, and other members of the opposition also obtained
See also:pensions or places; and the archbishop, finding himself excluded from power, went into opposition to the government in
See also:alliance with
See also:Ponsonby .
These two, afterwards joined by the primate's old
See also:rival Lord Shannon, and usually supported by the earl of Kildare, regained
See also:control of affairs in 1758, during the viceroyalty of the duke of
See also:Bedford . In the same year Stone wrote a remarkable
See also:letter, preserved in the Bedford
See also:Correspondence (ii . 357), in which he speaks very despondingly of the material
See also:condition of Ireland and the
See also:distress of the
See also:people . The archbishop was one of the " undertakers " who controlled the Irish House of Commons, and although he did not regain the almost dictatorial power he had exercised at an earlier
See also:period, which had suggested a comparison between him and
See also:Wolsey, he continued to enjoy a prominent
See also:share in the administration of Ireland until his
See also:death, which occurred in London on the loth of
See also:December 1764 . Although this "much-abused prelate," as Lecky calls him, was a
See also:firm supporter of the
See also:English government in Ireland, he was far from being a man of tyrannical or intolerant disposition . It was due to his influence that in the
See also:anti-tithe disturbances in Ulster in 1763 the government acted with conspicuous moderation, and that the
See also:movement was suppressed with very little bloodshed; he constantly favoured a policy of conciliation to-wards the
See also:Roman Catholics, whose
See also:loyalty he defended at W E . H . Lecky, Hist. of Ireland in the Eighteenth Century (1892), i . 462.different periods of his career both in his speeches in the Irish House of Lords and in his correspondence with ministers in London . Archbishop Stone, who never married, was a man of remarkably handsome appearance; and his
See also:manners were " eminently seductive and insinuating."
See also:Cumberland, who was struck by the "
See also:Polish magnificence " of the primate, speaks in the highest terms of his courage, tact, and qualities as a popular
See also:leader . Horace Walpole, who gives an unfavourable picture of his private character, acknowledges that Stone possessed " abilities seldom to be matched "; and he had the distinction of being mentioned by
See also:David Hume as one of the only two men of mark who had perceived merit in that author's
See also:History of England on its first appearance . He was himself the author of several volumes of sermons which were published during his lifetime .
See also:Mant, History of the Church of Ireland, vol. ii . (London, 1840) ; J . A .
See also:Froude, The English in Ireland in the Eighteenth Century (3 vols., London, 1872–1874) ; W . E . H . Lecky, History of Ireland in the Eighteenth Century (5 vols., London, 1892) ; J . R . 'Flanagan, Lives of the Lord Chancellors and Keepers of the Great Seal of Ireland (2 vols., London, 1870),; Richard Cumberland,
See also:Memoirs (London, 1806) ; F .
See also:Hardy, Memoirs of the earl of Charlemont (2 vols., 2nd. ed., London, 1812) ; Horace Walpole, Memoirs of the Reign of George II . (3 vols., London, 1846) ; Bedford Correspondence (3 vols., London, 1842—1846) ; Correspondence of Chatham (4 vols., London, 1838—18 0) . (R .
FRANK STONE (1800-1859)
LUCY [BLACKWELL] STONE (1818-1893)
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