JOHANN STRAUSS (1804-1849) ,
See also:Austrian orchestral conductor and composer of dance-
See also:music, was
See also:born at Vienna on the 14th of
See also:March 1804 . In 1819 he obtained his first engagement as a violinist in a small
See also:band then playing at the Sperl, in the Leopoldstadt, and after acting as
See also:deputy-conductor in another orchestra, he organized in 1825 a little band of fourteen per-formers on his own account . It was during the
See also:carnival of 1826 that Strauss inaugurated a long
See also:line of triumphs by introducing his band to the public of Vienna at the Schwan, in the Rossau suburb, where his famous Tauberl-Walzer (op . 1) at once established his reputation as the best composer of dance-music then living . Upon the strength of this success he was invited back to the Sperl, where he accepted an engagement, with an increased orchestra, for six years . Soon after this he was appointed kapellmeister to the 1st
See also:Burger regiment, and entrusted with the
See also:duty of providing the music for the
See also:court balls; while the number of his private engagements was so
See also:great that he found it necessary to enlarge his band from
See also:time to time until it consisted of more than two
See also:hundred performers . In 1833 he began a long and extended series of
See also:tours throughout
See also:Europe, eventually visiting England in 1838 . In
See also:Paris he associated himself with Musard, whose quadrilles became not much less popular than his own waltzes; but his greatest successes were achieved in
See also:London, where he arrived in time for the
See also:coronation of
See also:Victoria, and played at seventy-two public concerts, besides innumerable balls and other private entertainments . The fatigue ,of these long journeys seriously injured Strauss's
See also:health; but he soon resumed his duties at the Sperl; and on the 5th of May 1840 he removed with his band to the Imperial " Volksgarten," which thenceforth became the scene of hismost memorable successes, his conducting being marked by a quiet power which ensured the perfection of every minutest nuance . In 1844 Strauss began another extensive series of tours . In 1849 he revisited London, and, after his farewell concert, was escorted down the
See also:Thames by a
See also:squadron of boats, in one of which a band played tunes in his
See also:honour . This was his last public
See also:triumph .
On his return to Vienna he was attacked with
See also:scarlet fever, of which he died on the 25th of
See also:September 1849 . , Strauss was survived by three sons—Johann (1825-1899),
See also:Joseph (1827–1870) and Eduard (b . 1835), all of whom distinguished themselves as composers of dance-music, and assisted in recruiting the ranks and perpetuating the traditions of the still famous band .
DAVID FRIEDRICH STRAUSS (1808-1874)
RICHARD STRAUSS (1864– )
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