See also:Swedish author, was
See also:born at
See also:Stockholm on the 22nd of
See also:January 1849 . He entered the university of
See also:Upsala in 1867, but was compelled by poverty to interrupt his studies, which were resumed in 1870 .
See also:Ibis gloomy experiences of student
See also:life are reflected in a series of sketches named after two districts of Upsala, Fran Fjerdingen och Svartbacken (1877), which aroused
See also:great indignation at the
See also:time . After various experiments as schoolmaster, private tutor and actor, he turned to journalism, and afterwards more than avenged himself for the triviality and narrowness of his new surroundings in his famous Roda rummet (" The Red
See also:Room," 1879), described in the sub-title as sketches of
See also:literary and
See also:artistic life . The " red room " was the
See also:meeting-place in a small cafe in Stockholm of a society of needy journalists and artists, whose failure and despair are shown off against the prosperity of a typical bourgeois couple . In these stories
See also:Strindberg's fanatic hatred of womankind already makes its appearance, the disasters of the
See also:principal figures being precipitated by the selfishness and immorality of the
See also:women . In 1894 some friends procured him a place in the Royal library at Stockholm where he was employed until 1882 . He was already an ardent student of
See also:physical science; he now gave
See also:proof of his tersatility by learning
See also:Chinese in
See also:order to
See also:catalogue the Chinese
See also:MSS. in the library; and his French monograph on the early relations of Sweden with the Far East was read in 1879 before the Academy of Inscriptions in
See also:Paris . He continued to write for the
See also:newspapers and for the theatre . His first important drama,
See also:Master Olof, which had been refused in 1872 by the theatrical authorities, was produced after repeated revision in 1878 . Although real
See also:historical personages—Gustavus
See also:Vasa, Olaus, Petri the reformer and Gerdt the Anabaptist—figure as leading characters, they are made symbolic of the
See also:day forces of progress and reaction . The production of Master Olaf marked the beginning of the new
See also:movement in Swedish literature, and the Red Room and the collection of satirical sketches entitled Det nya riket (" The New
See also:Kingdom," 1882) increased the growing hostility to Strindberg .
See also:drawn from
See also:medieval subjects, Gillets hemlighet (" The Secret of the Guild," 18t8o) and here Bengt's Hustru (" Bengt's Wife," 1882), were followed by the legendary drama of Lycko Pers resa (" The Journal of Lucky
See also:Peter "), written in 1882 and produced with great success on the stage a
See also:year later . In 1883 Strindberg
See also:left Sweden with his
See also:family, to travel in Germany, Italy, France and Denmark, writing for
See also:foreign reviews and producing various volumes of stories and articles . Meanwhile he had been developing his attack on the feminist movement, which had received a great stimulus in Scandinavia from the dramas of
See also:Ibsen . In Giftas (" Married," 1884) he produced twelve stories of married life to support his view of the sex question; this was followed in 1886 by a second collection with the same title, which was written in a more violent
See also:tone and lacked some of the
See also:art of the earlier attack . He was prosecuted for assailing the
See also:dogma of the communion, but he returned to Sweden to defend himself, and was acquitted . Strindberg's mastery of the art of description is perhaps seen at its best in the novels of life in the Swedish
See also:archipelago, in Hemsoborna (" The Inhabitants of Hemsti, 1887), one of the best existing novels of popular Swedish life, and Skarkarlslif (" Life of an
See also:Island Lad," 1890) . Tschaudala (1889) and I hafsbandet (" In the Bond of the
See also:Sea," 1890) show the influence of a study of Nietzsche . In 1887 he returned to drama with the powerful tragedy Fadren, produced in Paris also as Le pere; this was followed in 1888 by Froken Julie, described as a naturalistic drama, to which he wrote a preface in the nature of a manifesto, directed against critics who had resented the gloom of Fadren . Kamraterna (" Comrades," 1888), which belongs to the same
See also:group of six plays, was followed by Himmelrikets nycklar (" The Keys of the Kingdom of
See also:Heaven," 1892), a legendary drama, and by the historical dramas of Erik XIV . (1899), Gustav Adolf (1900, and Gustav Vasa (1899); Till
See also:Damascus (1888) indicated a return in the direction of religion; Folkungasagan (1899) was represented in 1901; and the two plays Avent (" Advent ") and Brott och brott ("
See also:Crime for Crime "), printed together in 1899, were successfully represented in 1900, both in Sweden and Germany . Strindberg has provided a quantity of what is really auto-
See also:biographical material, with an account of the origin of his various books, in the
See also:form of a novel, Tjensteqvinnans son (" The Son of a Servant," 1886-1887), with the sub-title of "A Soul's Development." The revelations of this
See also:book explain much of the bitterness of his
See also:work, and it was followed in 1893 by a
See also:part in German, Die Beichte eines Thoren (" A
See also:Fool's Confession "), the printing of which was forbidden in Sweden . With these should be classed his Inferno (1897) and Somngangarnatter (" The Nights of a Somnambulist," 1900) .
See also:marriage was an unfortunate one, and was dissolved in 1893 . He then married an
See also:lady, from whom he was separated in 1896 . In Igor he married the Swedish actress Harriet Bosse, from whom he was amicably separated soon afterwards . He suffered at different times from
See also:mental attacks, of which he gave analytic accounts on his recovery . A number of criticisms on Strindberg from eminent hands are collected in En bok om Strindberg (
See also:Karlstad, 1894) .
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.