See also:American soldier, was
See also:born in Virginia on fhe 6th of
See also:February 1833 and entered West Point military academy in 185o . Commissioned in 1854 second
See also:lieutenant of
See also:cavalry, he saw considerable service in
See also:Indian warfare, and took
See also:part also in the repression of
See also:civil disorder in Kansas . In 1855 he had married a daughter of Colonel
See also:Philip St
See also:George Cooke, who was regarded as the most capable cavalry officer in the
See also:United States service, and gave his son-in-
See also:law the benefit of his experience and
See also:judgment . In 1859
See also:Stuart, while staying in
See also:Washington on official business, was sent to assist Colonel R . E .
See also:Lee in the suppression of the
See also:raid on Harper's
See also:Ferry . Two years later the Civil War presaged by the Kansas troubles and John Brown's expedition broke out, and when Virginia seceded Stuart resigned his commission in the United States army to
See also:share in the defence of his state . He had resigned as a lieutenant--a notification of his promotion to captain had actually crossed his
See also:letter of resignation in the post—but trained
See also:officers, especially of cavalry, were so scarce that he was at once made a colonel . With very little delay, and with the scantiest of formal training, his regiment was mustered into the Confederate army, and assigned to
See also:Johnston's force in the
See also:Shenandoah Valley . His men were mounted on their own horses, knew the
See also:country thoroughly, and in his capable hands soon made themselves proficient in outpost
See also:duty . In the opening
See also:campaign Stuart's command acted as a
See also:screen to cover Johnston's
See also:movement on
See also:Manassas, and at the first
See also:battle of Bull Run which followed, Stuart distinguished himself by his
See also:personal bravery . During the autumn and winter of 1861 he continued his outpost service and was somewhat severely handled by General Ord's force at the
See also:action of Dranesville .
He was now promoted brigadier-general and placed in command of the cavalry
See also:brigade of the army of
See also:Northern Virginia . Just before the Seven Days' Battle (q.v.) he was sent out by Lee to locate the right flank of McClellan's army, and not only successfully achieved his
See also:mission, but rode right
See also:round McClellan's
See also:rear to deliver his
See also:report to Lee at
See also:Richmond . After the battle of Gaines's
See also:Mill on the 27th of
See also:June Stuart's cavalry raided McClellan's abandoned
See also:line of communication with
See also:House, and his dismounted riflemen, aided by a
See also:howitzer, successfully engaged a Federal gunboat on the Pamunkey . But such romantic and far-ranging raids on this occasion, as on several others, contributed little or nothing to the success of the army as a whole .
GILBERT STUART (1755-x828)
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