See also:American soldier and
See also:leader, was
See also:born in
See also:Somersworth, New Hampshire, on the 18th of
See also:February 1740 . He studied
See also:law in Portsmouth, N.H., and practised at
See also:Berwick, Maine, and at Durham, N.H . He was a member of the New Hampshire Provincial
See also:Assembly in 1774, and in 1774–1775 was a delegate to the
See also:Continental Congress . In 1772 he had been commissioned a major of New Hampshire militia, and on the 15th of
See also:December 1774 he and
See also:Langdon led an expedition which captured Fort
See also:William and Mary at New
See also:Castle .
See also:Sullivan was appointed a brigadier-general in the Continental army in
See also:June 1775 and a major-general in
See also:August 1776 . He commanded a
See also:brigade in the
See also:siege of Boston . In June 1776 he took command of the American army in
See also:Canada and after an unsuccessful skirmish with the
See also:British at Three
See also:Rivers (June 8) retreated to
See also:Crown Point . Rejoining Washing-ton's army, he served under General
See also:Israel Putnam in the
See also:battle of Long
See also:Island (August 27) and was taken prisoner . Released on parole, he
See also:bore a verbal
See also:message from
See also:Howe to the Continental Congress, which led to the fruitless
See also:conference on Staten Island . In December he was exchanged, succeeded General
See also:Lee in command of the right wing of
See also:Washington's army, in the battle of Trenton led an attack on the Hessians, and led a
See also:night attack against British and
See also:Loyalists on Staten Island, on the 22nd of August 1777 . In the battle of
See also:Brandywine (
See also:Sept . 1777) he again commanded the American right; he took
See also:part in the battle of
See also:Germantown (Oct .
4, 1777); in
See also:March 1778 he was placed in command in Rhode Island, and in the following summer plans were made for his co-operation with the French
See also:fleet under Count d'
See also:Estaing in an attack on
See also:Newport, which came to nothing . Sullivan after a brief engagement (Aug . 29) at Quaker
See also:Hill, at the N. end of the island of Rhode Island, was obliged to retreat . In 1779 Sullivan, with about 4000 men, defeated the
See also:Iroquois and their Loyalist
See also:allies at New-
See also:town (now
See also:Elmira), New
See also:York, on the 29th of August, burned their villages, and destroyed their orchards and crops . Although severely criticised for his conduct of the expedition, he received, in
See also:October 1779, the thanks of Congress . In
See also:November he resigned from the army . Sullivan was again a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1780–1781 and, having accepted a
See also:loan from the French
See also:minister, Chevalier de la Luzerne, he was charged with being influenced by the French in voting not to make the right to the
See also:fisheries a
See also:condition of peace . From 1782 to 1785 he was
See also:attorney-general of New Hampshire . He was
See also:president of the state in 1786–1787 and in 1789, and in 1786 suppressed an insurrection at Exeter immediately pre-ceding the
See also:Rebellion in Massachusetts . He presided over the New Hampshire
See also:convention which ratified the Federal constitution in June 1788 . From 1789 until his
See also:death at Durham, on the 23rd of
See also:January 1795, he was
See also:United States
See also:Judge for New Hampshire . See O .
W . B .
See also:Peabody "
See also:Life of John Sullivan " in Jared
See also:Sparks's Library of American Biography, vol. iii . (Boston, 1844) ; T . C .
See also:Amory, General John Sullivan, A Vindication of his Character as a Soldier and a Patriot (Morrisania, N.Y., 1867); John Scales, "
See also:Master John Sullivan of Somersworth and Berwick and his Famity," in the Proceedings of the New Hampshire
See also:Historical Society, vol. iv . (Concord, 1906) ; and
See also:Journals of the Military Expedition of Major-General John Sullivan against the Six Nations of
See also:Indians (Auburn, N . Y., 1887) .
LUCIUS CORNELIUS SULLA (138–78 B.C.)
SIR ARTHUR SEYMOUR SULLIVAN (1842—1900)
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