Online Encyclopedia

SULTAN (an Arabic word meaning " vict...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V26, Page 70 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SULTAN (an Arabic word meaning " victorious " or " a ruler," sultat, dominion), a title o` honour borne by a great variety of rulers of very varying powers and importance in Mahommedan Africa and the East. The word has thus no exact equivalent in English, and was early imported into the language in the Middle English form of soudan (from old Fr. soudan, souldan). This title is that conventionally applied by foreigners to the ruler of the Ottoman Empire, the sultan par excellence, whose proper styles are, however, padishah (emperor) and " commander of the faithful " (see AlIa). The feminine form " sultana " is derived from the Italian (fern. of sultan).
End of Article: SULTAN (an Arabic word meaning " victorious " or " a ruler," sultat, dominion)
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SERVIUS SULPICIUS RUFUS (c. 106—43 B.C.)
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