SUPERIOR , acity, a
See also:port of entry and the
See also:county-seat of
See also:Douglas county, Wisconsin, U.S.A., about 140 M . N. by E. of Minneapolis and St Paul, on Superior, St
See also:Louis and Allouez bays at the
See also:head of Lake Superior, and directly opposite
See also:Minnesota, with which it is connected by
See also:ferry and by railway and road bridges . Pop . (189o), 11,983; (1900), 31,091, of whom 11,419 were
See also:born (2854
See also:Swedish, 2404
See also:Cana- dians, 2026
See also:Norwegian, and 8o1 German), and 186 were negroes; t191o, U.S.
See also:census), 40,384 . Superior is served by the
See also:Northern Pacific, the Duluth, South
See also:Shore &
See also:Atlantic, the Wisconsin Central, the
See also:Great Northern, the Minneapolis, St Paul & Sault Ste
See also:Marie, and the Chicago &
See also:railways, and (for
See also:freight only) by the Chicago,
See also:Milwaukee & St Paul . A
See also:line railway connects the several systems . Superior shares with Duluth one of the finest natural inland harbours in the
See also:world . The
See also:harbour, which has been improved by the Federal
See also:government, is formed by two narrow strips of sandy
See also:land, known as Minnesota and Wisconsin Points, which extend several
See also:miles across the head of the lake from the Minnesota and Wisconsin shores respectively and almost meet in the centre . The
See also:body of
See also:water thus formed, Superior and Allouez bays, varies in width from i to it m., and is 91 M. long . St Louis
See also:Bay, on the west, is about 11 by 4 M . The city is situated on gently rising ground facing these bays, and has 29 M. of harbour frontage . The settlement of Superior at different times and in different places is responsible for the large
See also:area covered by the city (36.1 sq. m.) and its appearance is that of three distinct towns .
The intervening portions have however been platted and are now largely settled . Superior is the seat of astate normal school (1896), which occupies a splendidly equipped
See also:building, and, in addition to the ordinary normal courses, has departments of
See also:kindergarten training,
See also:manual training and domestic science . The city is the see of a
See also:Roman Catholic
See also:bishop . Superior has a cheap fuel supply and power is furnished by
See also:electricity gene-rated on the St Louis
See also:river . In 1905 the value of its factory products was $6,356,981 .
See also:Flour is the
See also:principal product, and
See also:shipbuilding is important . Among
See also:ships, the type known as the " whaleback " originated here; and iron and wooden ships, launches and small pleasure craft are also made . Other manufactures are railway cars, casks,
See also:cooperage, saw and planing
See also:mill products, furniture, wooden
See also:ware, windmills,
See also:gas-engines, and mattresses and
See also:wire beds . Superior is an important
See also:grain market . Much iron and copper ore is shipped from the Duluth-Superior harbour; and large quantities of
See also:coal, brought by lake boats, are distributed from here throughout the
See also:American and
See also:Canadian North-west . The
See also:tonnage of the Duluth-Superior Harbour was estimated in 19o8 to be exceeded in the
See also:United States only by that of New
See also:York and that of
See also:Philadelphia .
See also:Pierre Esprit Radisson and Medard Chouart
See also:des Groseilliers probably visited the site of Superior in 1661, and it is practically certain that other French coureurs-des-bois were here at different times before Daniel Greysolon, Sieur Du Lhut (Duluth), established a trading
See also:post in the neighbourhood about 1678 .
About 182o theHudson's Bav CaArpany established a post here, but there was no permanent settlement until aftea the
See also:middle of the 19th century .
See also:Attention was directed to the site by a survey made by
See also:George R . Stuntz, a government surveyor, in 1852, and in 1853 a
See also:syndicate of capitalists, at the head of which was
See also:Wilson Corcoran, the wealthy
See also:Washington banker, associated with whom were Senators
See also:Stephen A . Douglas (from whom the county was named), R . M . T .
See also:Hunter and J . B . Bright, Ex-Senator Robert J .
See also:Walker, Congressmen
See also:John C . Breckinridge and John L . Dawson, and others, largely
See also:Southern politicians and members of Congress, bought lands here and platted a
See also:town which was named Superior .
The proprietors secured in 1856 the construction of a military road to St Paul, Minnesota, 16o m. long . The town
See also:grew rapidly, and in 1856-1857 had about 2500 inhabitants . The panic of 1857 interrupted its growth, and the population dwindled so that in 186o there were only a few
See also:hundred settlers on the town-site . The
See also:Civil War increased the depression, and the lands of those who had taken
See also:part against the Union were confiscated . In 1862 a series of stockades was built as a
See also:protection from the
See also:Indians . Within the area under the government of the town of Superior, which was at first co-extensive with the county, West Superior was platted in 1883 and South Superior soon afterwards . A
See also:village government was established in
See also:September 1887, including the three settlements mentioned, and in
See also:April 1889 Superior was chartered as a city . The harbour was surveyed in 1823-1825 by Lieut .
See also:Wolsey Bayfield (1795-1885) of the
See also:Navy . In 186o-1861 it was resurveyed by Captain George G . Meade, who was engaged in the
See also:work at the outbreak of the Civil War . A branch of the Northern Pacific railway was built to Superior in 1881 .
See also:FRANZ VON (1820-1895),
See also:Austrian musical composer, whose real name was Francesco Ezechiele Ermenegildo Suppe-Demelli, was born at Spalato, in Dalmatia, in 182o, and died at Vienna in 1895 . Originally he studied philosophy at the university of
See also:Padua, but on the
See also:death of his
See also:father devoted himself to
See also:music, studying at the Vienna
See also:conservatoire . He began his musical -career as a conductor in one of the smaller Viennese theatres, and gradually worked his way up to be one of the most popular composers of ephemeral
See also:opera of the
See also:day . Outside Vienna his
See also:works never won much success . Of his sixty comic operas Fatinitza (Vienna, 1876;
See also:London, 1878) was the most successful, while
See also:Boccaccio (Vienna, 1879; London, 1882) only enjoyed moderate favour . Suppe's
See also:overture to Dichter and
See also:Bauer is his most successful orchestral work . He also wrote some
See also:church music .
SUPPLY (through Fr. from Lat. supplere, to fill up)...
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