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SURROGATE (from Lat. surrogare, to su...

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Originally appearing in Volume V26, Page 141 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SURROGATE (from Lat. surrogare, to substitute for), a deputy of a bishop or an ecclesiastical judge, acting in the absence of his principal and strictly bound by the authority of the latter. Canon 128 of the canons of 1603 lays down the qualifications necessary for the office of surrogate and canon 123 the regulations for the appointment to the office. At present the chief duty of a surrogate in England is the granting of marriage licences, but judgments of the arches court of Canterbury have been delivered by a surrogate in the absence of the official principal. The office is unknown in Scotland, but is of some importance in the United States as denoting the judge to whom the jurisdiction of the probate of wills, the grant of administration and of guardian-ship is confided. In some states he is termed surrogate, in others judge of probate, register, judge of the orphans' court, &c. His jurisdiction is local, being limited to his county.
End of Article: SURROGATE (from Lat. surrogare, to substitute for)
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