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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 959 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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NORWAY AND SWEDEN DENMARK Stockholm, lat. +59° 20' 33.0", long. 1 h. 12 in. 14.0 s. E., is under the Academy of Sciences. Founded in 1750. Meridian circle by Ertel of 41-in. ap.; 71-in. vis. and 64-in. phot. refr. by Repsold. Upsala, univ. obs., lat. +59° 51' 29'4", long. I h. Io m. 30.1 s. E. Founded in 1730, but very little was done until the obs. acquired a 9-in. refr. by Steinheil, which was used by Schultz for micrometric obs. of nebulae. phot. and I4-in. vis refr. by Steinheil. Lund, univ. obs., lat. +55° 41' 52.0", long o h. 52 m. 45.0 s. E. Built in 1866; 91-in. refr., o.g. by Merz; meridian circle by Repsold of 61-in ap. Christiania, univ. obs., lat. +59° 54' 44.0", long, o h. 42 m. 53.6 s.E. Erected in 1831; meridian circle by Ertel of 4-in. ap.; 7-in. refr. by Merz. Copenhagen, univ. obs. Founded in 1641 on the top of a high tower, lat. +55° 40' 53'0", long. 0 h. 50 m. 19.8 s. E. The locality was so very unsuitable that O. Romer (the inventor of the transit instrument and modern equat., d. 1710) established his own obs. at Vridlosemagle, at some distance from the city. A new obs. was erected in 1861, lat.+55°4e 12.0", long. o h. 5o m.18.7s.E., furnished with a refr. by Merz of 11-in. ap., with which H. L. d'Arrest made obs. of nebulae, and a meridian circle by Pistor and Martins of 41-in. ap. Later the refr. was replaced by a 14-in. vis. and 8-in. phot. refr. by Steinheil. Copenhagen, Urania obs. (private), lat. +55° 41' 19'2", long. o h. 5o m. 9.1 s. E. Established 1898; refr. by Cooke.
SWEDEN [Sverige]

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