See also:London Jews, founded, with the sanction of an
See also:act of parliament, in 187o . It is confined, in its
See also:work, to the metropolis, but it exercises, indirectly, considerable influence over the Jews of the
See also:Empire . It is governed by an elected council representing the constituent congregations . In religious and ritual matters it is under the jurisdiction of the chief
See also:rabbi, who is, to a certain extent, recognized throughout the empire . The
See also:president of the
See also:United Synagogue in 1910 was
See also:Rothschild . Besides providing the worship of some twenty congregations, the United Synagogue directs and supports educational and charitable work . The title " chief rabbi " is not found in the pre-expulsion records, though, before the Jews were banished in 1290, there was an official named " presbyter omniuin Judaeorum Angliae." The functions of this official cannot be proved to have been ecclesiastical . The title " chief rabbi " has become well known through the
See also:eminence of
See also:recent occupants of the position such as Solomon Hirschell (1762–1842) . He was succeeded by Dr Nathan
See also:Adler (1803–1890), who was followed by his son, Hermann Adler, who raised the position to one of much dignity and importance . Dr Hermann Adler was
See also:born in Hanover in 1839, graduated at
See also:Leipzig, and received honorary degrees from Scotch and
See also:universities, including
See also:Oxford . In 1909 he received the
See also:order of M.V.O . Dr Adler was elected chief rabbi in 1891 .
Besides several essays in the NineteenthCentury, Dr Adler has written extensively on topics of Anglo-Jewish
See also:History and published two volumes of sermons . (I .
SYNANTHY (Gr. aim, with, and avOos, a flower)
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