SYNOD (Gr. vbvobos) , a
See also:term denoting an
See also:assembly of ecclesiastical officials legally convoked to discuss and decide points of faith, discipline and morals . It is practically synonymous with the word council (q.v.); concilium is used in the same technical sense by
See also:Tertullian c . 200, and Quvo5os a century or so later in the Apostolic canons . In
See also:time, however, the word council came to be restricted to
See also:oecumenical gatherings, while synod was applied to meetings of the eastern or western branches of the
See also:Church (the first council of Constantinople was originally a mere council or synod of the East), or to
See also:councils of the Reformed churches, e.g. the Synod of
See also:Dort . Provincial synods were held in the 2nd century, and were not completely organized before the advent of oecumenical councils . The two terms are still used side by side; thus there are patriarchal,
See also:national and primatial councils, as well as provincial councils (under the metropolitan of a province) and diocesan synods, consisting of the
See also:clergy of a
See also:diocese and presided over by the
See also:bishop (or the
See also:vicar-general) . The supreme governing
See also:body in the
See also:Russian branch of the Orthodox Eastern Church (q.v.) is known as the
See also:Holy Synod . In the Presbyterian churches (see
See also:PRESBYTERIANISM) a synod is an assembly containing representatives of several presbyteries and inter-mediate between these and the General Assembly; similarly in the Wesleyan and other Methodist churches the synod is the
See also:meeting of the
See also:district which links the circuits with the
See also:conference . The term is not in use in self-governing churches like the Congregationalists and
See also:Baptists, though these from time to time hold councils or assemblies (national and
See also:international), for conference and fellowship without any legislative power .
SYNOD OF ANCYRA
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