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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 226 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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T909 Captain Fiegenschuh, with a small force of tirailleurs, and Acyl's contingents, advanced up the Batha to a place within 15 M. of Abeshr, where, on the 1st of June, the enemy were defeated. The next day another fight took place close to Abeshr. The Wadaians were again put to flight and the town bombarded with cannon. Doud Murra with a small following fled north, and Abeshr was occupied by the French. The prince Acyl was subsequently placed on the throne, and, under French guidance, governed Wadai proper, Dar Sila, Dar Runga and other tributary states being directly governed by French residents. The war was not, however, ended by the occupation of Abeshr. Captain Fiegenschuh's column, operating south-east of Abeshr, was cut off by the Massalit Arabs near the Darfur frontier, but a punitive force retrieved this disaster in April following. While these operations were in progress, Lieut. Boyd Alexander (b. 1873), who had previously crossed from the Niger to the Nile, the first British explorer to enter Wadai, passed through Abeshr on his way to Darfur. At the station of Nyeri, in Dar Tama, on the Darfur border, he was murdered on the 2nd of April 1910. In November 1910 a French column, 300 strong, under Colonel Moll, while operating in the Massalit country was at-tacked by 5000 men under Doud Murra and the sultan of the Massalit. The enemy was beaten off, but the French had over Too casualties, including Colonel Moll killed. See G. Nachtigal, Sahara and Sudan (3 vols., Berlin, 1879–1889) ; Captain Julien, " Le Dar Ouadai," Renseign. colon. comite de l'Afrique francaise (1904); J. van Vollenhoven, " Le Voyage de Nachtigal au Ouadai," Renseign. colon. (1903); Captain Repoux, " Le Ouadai," B.S.G. Corn. Bordeaux (Iwo); Commandant Bordeaux, " Deux Contre-rezzous dans 1'Ouaddai," La Geog. B.S.G. Paris (1908); A. Ferrier, " La Prise d'Abecher," L'Afrigue frangaise (1909): A. H. Keane, " Wadai," Travel and Exploration (July 191o) ; Sir H. H. Johnston, " Lieutenant Boyd Alexander," og. Jour. (July 191o) ; The Times, July 21st, 1910 (details of Boyd Alexander's murder). See also SENuss1.
End of Article: T909

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