TACNA , a
See also:northern province of Chile, in dispute with
See also:Peru from 1893 onwards, bounded N. by Peru, E. by
See also:Bolivia, S. by
See also:Tarapaca, and W. by the Pacific .
See also:Area, 9251 sq. m . Pop . (1895) 24,160 . It belongs to the
See also:desert region of the Pacific
See also:coast, and is valuable because of its deposits of nitrate of soda and some undeveloped
See also:mineral resources . There are a few fertile spots near the mountains, where
See also:mountain streams afford irrigation and potable
See also:water, and support small populations, but in general Tacna is occupied for
See also:mining purposes only . None of its streams crosses the entire width of the province; they are all lost in its desert sands . The
See also:climate is hot, and earthquakes are frequent and sometimes violent . There is one railway in the province,
See also:running from the city of Tacna to
See also:Arica (q.v.), and in 1910 another from Arica to La Paz, Bolivia, was under construction by the Chilean
See also:government . The province consists of two departments, Tacna and Arica, which once formed
See also:part of the Peruvian department of
See also:Moquegua . Its capital is Tacna (pop . 1895, 9418; 1902, estimated 11,504), a small inland
See also:town 48 m. by
See also:rail from Arica, in a fertile valley among the foothills of the
See also:Andes .
Existence is made possible in this
See also:oasis by a small mountain stream, also called Tacna, which supports a scanty vegetation . The town owes its existence to the Bolivian
See also:trade from La Paz and
See also:Oruro, and is the residence of a number of
See also:foreign merchants . Tacna was captured by a Chilean force under General Baquedano on the 27th of May 1880 . At the close of the war between Chile and Peru (1879-1883), the terms of the treaty of Ancon (signed by representatives of the two countries on the loth of
See also:October 1883) were practically dictated by Chile, and by one of the provisions the Peruvian provinces of Tacna and Arica were to be occupied and exploited by Chile for a
See also:period of ten years, when a plebiscite should be taken of their inhabitants to determine whether they would remain with Chile or return to Peru, the
See also:country acquiring the two provinces in this manner to pay the other $1o,000,000 . At the termination of the period Peru wished the plebiscite to be
See also:left to the
See also:original population, while Chile wanted it to include the large number of Chilean labourers sent into the province . Chile refused to submit the dispute to arbitration, and it remained unsettled . Meanwhile Chile expelled the Peruvian priests, and treated the province more like a conquered territory than a temporary
See also:pledge .
MARCUS CLAUDIUS TACITUS
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