Online Encyclopedia

TATTA, or TIIATO

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V26, Page 451 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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TATTA, or TIIATO, an ancient town of British India, in the Sind province of Bombay, 7 M. from the right bank of the main channel of the Indus and 13 M. from a station on the North-Western railway: pop. (1901) 10,783. Tatta was the capital of the Samma dynasty in Lower Sind in the 16th century, and long continued to be the centre of trade in the country, to which it sometimes gave its name in early European travels. An English factory was established here in 1758, but with-drawn after a few years. There are two old mosques, decorated with the coloured tiles characteristic of Sind. TATTERSALL'S, the London horse auction mart, founded in 1766 by Richard Tattersall (1724-1795), who had been stud groom to the second duke of Kingston. The first premises occupied were near Hyde Park Corner, in what was then the outskirts of London. Two " Subscription rooms " were re-served for members of the Jockey Club, and they became the rendezvous for sporting and betting men. Among the famous dispersal sales conducted by " Old Tatt" were those of the duke of Kingston's stud in 1774 and of the stud of the Prince of Wales (afterwards George IV.) in 1786. The prince often visited Richard Tattersall, and was joint proprietor with him of the Morning Post for several years. He was succeeded by his son, Edmund Tattersall (1758-181o), who extended the business of the firm to France. The third of the dynasty, Richard Tattersall (1785-1859), the eldest of Edmund's three sons, became head of the firm at his father's death. He had his grandfather's ability and tact, and was the intimate of the best sporting men of his time. Another Richard Tattersall (1812-187o), son of the last, then took command of the business. His great-grandfather's 99-year lease having expired, he moved the business to Knightsbridge. Richard was followed by his cousin, Edmund Tattersall (1816-1898), and he by his eldest son, Edmund Somerville Tattersall (b. 1863). A son of the second Richard Tattersall, George Tattersall (1817-1849), was a well-known sporting artist. In 1836 he compiled a guide to The Lakes of England illustrated with forty-three charming line drawings, and he showed skill as an architect by building the Tattersall stud stables at Willesden. His experience in this and similar undertakings led him to publish Sporting Architecture (1841). In the same year, under the pseudonym " Wildrake," he published Cracks of the Day, describing and illustrating sixty-five race-horses. He also contributed illustrations to the Hunting Reminiscences of Nimrod (Charles J. Apperley), the Book of Sports (1843), and the New Sporting Almanack.
End of Article: TATTA, or TIIATO
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