See also:English mathematician, was the son of
See also:Taylor, of Bifrons
See also:House, Kent, by Olivia, daughter of
See also:Bart., of Durham, and was
See also:born at
See also:Edmonton in Middlesex on the 18th of
See also:August 1685 . He entered St John's
See also:College, Cambridge, as a
See also:fellow-commoner in 1701, and took degrees of LL.B. and LL.D. respectively in 1709 and 1714 . Having studied
See also:mathematics under John Machin and John Keill, he obtained in 1708 a remarkable solution of the problem of the " centre of oscillation," which, however, remaining unpublished until May 1714 (Phil . Trans., vol.
See also:xxviii. p . I1), his claim to priority was unjustly disputed by John
See also:Bernoulli . Taylor's Methodus Incrementorum Directa et Inversa (
See also:London, 1715) added a new branch to the higher mathematics, now designated the " calculus of finite differences." Among other ingenious applications, he used it to determine the
See also:form of
See also:movement of a vibrating
See also:string, by him first sue- neighbour and intimate friend of
See also:Wordsworth, who introduced cessfully reduced to
See also:mechanical principles . The same
See also:work him to Wordsworth and
See also:Southey . Under these influences he lost his early admiration for
See also:Byron, whose school, whatever its merits, he at least was in no way calculated to adorn, and his intellectual
See also:developed rapidly . In
See also:October 1822 he published an article on
See also:Moore's Irish Melodies in the Quarterly Review . A
See also:year later he went to London to seek his
See also:fortune as a man of letters, and met with rapid success, though not precisely in this capacity . He became editor of the London
See also:Magazine, to which he had already contributed, and in
See also:January 1824 obtained, through the influence of Sir
See also:Holland, a
See also:appointment inthe Colonial
See also:Office . He was immediately entrusted with the preparation of confidential state papers, and his opinion soon exercised an important influence on the decisions of the secretary of state .
He visited Wordsworth and Southey, travelled on theContinent with the latter, and at the same
See also:time, mainly through his friend and official colleague, the Hon . Hyde
See also:Villiers, became intimate with a very different set, the younger followers of Bentham, without, however, adopting their opinions—"
See also:young men," he afterwards reminded
See also:Mill, " who every one said would be ruined by their independence, but who ended by obtaining all their
See also:hearts' desires, except one who fell by the way." The reference is to Hyde Villiers, who died prematurely . Taylor actively promoted the emancipation of the slaves in 1833, and became an intimate ally of Sir
See also:Stephen, then counsel to the Colonial Office, afterwards under-secretary, by whom the
See also:Act of Emancipation was principally framed . His duties at the Colonial Office were soon afterwards lightened by the appointment of James Sped-ding, with whom he began a friendship that lasted till the end of his
See also:life . . His first drama, Isaac
See also:Comnenus, Elizabethan in
See also:tone, and giving a lively picture of the
See also:court and
See also:people, was published anonymously in 1828 . Though highly praised by Southey, it made little impression on the public .
See also:van Artevelde, an elaborate poetic drama, the subject of which had been recommended to him by Southey, was begun in 1828, published in 1834, and, aided by a laudatory
See also:criticism from
See also:pen in the Quarterly, achieved extraordinary success . Its
See also:great superiority to Taylor's other
See also:works may be explained by its being to a great extent the vehicle of his own ideas and feelings . Artevelde's early love experiences reproduce and transfigure his own . Edwin the
See also:Fair (1842) was less warmly received; but his character of
See also:Dunstan, the ecclesiastical statesman, is a
See also:fine psychological study, and the
See also:play is full of
See also:interest . Meanwhile he had married (1839)
See also:Rice, the daughter of his former chief
See also:Lord Monteagle, and, in conjunction with Sir James Stephen, had taken a leading
See also:part in the abolition of
See also:negro apprenticeship in the West Indies . The Statesman, a
See also:volume of essays suggested by his official position, had been published in 1836, and about the same time he had written in the Quarterly the friendly notices of Words-worth and Southey which did much to dispel the conventional prejudices of the
See also:day, and which were published in 1849 under the somewhat misleading title of Notes from Books .
In 1847 he was offered the under-secretaryship of state fot the colonies, which he declined . Notes from Life and The
See also:Eve of the
See also:Conquest appeared in this year; and an experiment in romantic
See also:comedy, The Virgin Widow, afterwards entitled A Sicilian Summer, was published in 185o . " The pleasantest play I had written," says the author; " and I never could tell why people would not be pleased with it." His last dramatic work was St
See also:Clement's Eve, published in 1862 . In 1869 he was made K.C.M.G . He retired from the Colonial Office in 1872, though continuing to be consulted by
See also:government . His last days were spent at
See also:Bournemouth in the enjoyment of universal respect; and the public, to whom he had hitherto been an almost impersonal existence, became familiarized with the extreme picturesqueness of his appearance in old age, as represented in the photographs of his friend Julia
See also:Cameron . He died on the 27th of
See also:March 1886 . His Auto- he became acquainted with het
See also:cousin, Isabella
See also:Fenwick, the \. biography, published a yeas before his
See also:death, ,while sinning a contained the celebrated
See also:formula known as " Taylor's theorem " (see INFINITESIMAL CALCULUS), the importance of which remained unrecognized until 1772, when J . L .
See also:Lagrange realized its powers and termed it " le
See also:principal fondement du calcul difjerentiel." In his
See also:essay on Linear Perspective (London, 1715) Taylor set forth the true principles of the
See also:art in an
See also:original and more general form than any of his predecessors; but the work suffered from the brevity and obscurity which affected most of his writings, and needed the elucidation bestowed on it in the
See also:treatises of
See also:Kirby (1754) and Daniel Fournier (1761) . Taylor was elected a fellow of the Royal Society early in 1712, sat in the same year on the
See also:committee for adjudicating the claims of Sir Isaac
See also:Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz, and acted as secretary to the society from the 13th of January 1714 to the 21st of October 1718 . From 1715 his studies took a philosophical and religious bent .
He corresponded, in that year, with theComte de Montmort on the subject of Nicolas
See also:Malebranche's tenets; and unfinished treatises, " On the Jewish Sacrifices " and " On the Lawfulness of Eating
See also:Blood," written on his Teturn from
See also:Aix-la-Chapelle in 1719, were after-wards found among his papers . His
See also:marriage in 1721 with
See also:Miss Brydges of Wallington, Surrey, led to an estrangement from his
See also:father, a
See also:person of somewhat morose
See also:temper, which terminated in 1723 after the death of the
See also:lady in giving
See also:birth to a son . The ensuing two years were spent by him with his
See also:family at Bifrons, and in 1725 he married, with the paternal approbation, Sabetta, daughter of Mr Sawbridge of Olantigh, Kent, who, by a
See also:strange fatality, died also in childbed in 1730; in this case, however, the
See also:infant, a daughter, survived . Taylor's fragile
See also:health gave way; he fell into a decline, died on the 29th of
See also:December 1731, at
See also:Somerset House, and was buried at St
See also:Ann's, Soho . By his father's death in 1729 he had inherited the Bifrons
See also:estate . As a mathematician, he was the only Englishman after Sir Isaac Newton and Roger
See also:Cotes capable of holding his own with the Bernoullis; but a great part of the effect of his demonstrations was lost through his failure to
See also:express his ideas fully and clearly . A
See also:posthumous work entitled Contemplatio Philosophica was printed for private circulation in 1793 by his
See also:grandson, Sir
See also:William Young, Bart., prefaced by a life of the author, and with an appendix containing letters addressed to him by Bolingbroke,
See also:Bossuet, &c . Several
See also:short papers by him were published in Phil . Trans., vols.
See also:xxvii. to xxxii., including accounts of some interesting experiments in magnetism and capillary attraction . He issued in 1719 an improved version of his work on perspective, with the title New Principles of Linear Perspective, revised by Colson in 1749, and printed again, with portrait and life of the author, in 1811 . A French
See also:translation appeared in 1753 at
See also:Lyons . Taylor gave (Methodus Incrementorum, p .
108) the first satisfactory investigation of astronomicalrefraction . See
See also:Watt, Bibliotheca Britannica; Hutton, Phil. and Math .
See also:Dictionary; F6tis, Biog.
See also:des Musiciens; Th .
See also:Thomson, Hist. of the R . Society, p . 302;
See also:Grant, Hist . Phys . Astronomy, p . 377;
See also:Marie, Hist. des Sciences, vii. p . 231; M . Cantor, Geschichte der Mathematik .
BAYARD TAYLOR (1825–1878)
ISAAC TAYLOR (1787-1865)
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.