TEMESVAR , thecapital of the
See also:county of Temes, Hungary, 188 m . S.E. of
See also:Budapest by
See also:rail . Pop . (T9oo) 53,033 . It lies Ti on the navigable Bega canal and on the
See also:river $ega, and consists of the inner
See also:town, formerly strongly fortified, and of four out-lying suburbs . Several parks have been laid out on the site of the broad
See also:glacis which formerly separated Temesvar from its suburbs, which are now
See also:united with it by broad avenues . Temesvar is the seat of a
See also:Roman Catholic and a Greek Orthodox
See also:bishop . Amongst its,
See also:principal buildings are the Roman Catholic
See also:cathedral, built (1735–57) by Maria
See also:Theresa; the Greek Orthodox cathedral; a
See also:castle built by Hunyady Janos in 1442, now used as an
See also:arsenal; the town and county
See also:hall, the museum and large barracks . In the principal square rises a
See also:column, 40 ft. high, erected by the Emperor
See also:Joseph in 1851 to commemorate the successful resistance of the town to the
See also:siege of 107 days laid by the Hungarian revolutionary army in 1849 . Temesvar is the most important centre of commerce and
See also:industry of south Hungary, and carries on a brisk
See also:trade in
See also:spirits and horses . Its
See also:industrial establishments include factories for
See also:cloth, matches,
See also:leather, artificial manure, besides breweries and distilleries . Temesvar is an old town, and although destroyed by the Tatars in 1242, it was a populous place at the beginning of the 14th century, and was strongly fortified by
See also:Charles Robert of
See also:Anjou, who resided here several years .
See also:family had also their residence bere . In 1514 the
See also:Dozsa, was defeated by the Transylvanian voivod,
See also:John Zapolya, near Temesvar, captured and executed . Unsuccessfully besieged by the
See also:Turks in 1552, it was captured by them in the following
See also:year after a heroic resistance . It remained in their hands until 1716, when it was liberated by
See also:Eugene of Savoy . New strong fortifications were erected, and the town
See also:grew steadily in importance, se;ving as the capital of the whole
See also:Banat . It endured another siege in 1849, when it resisted successfully the attacks of a Hungarian revolutionary army .
TEMENOS (Gr. TEµevos, TElcvfw, to cut)
VALE QF TEMPE
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