See also:law, the holding or possession of
See also:land . The holding of land in England was originally either allodial or feudal . Allodial land was land held not of a
See also:lord, but of the
See also:king and
See also:people . Such ownership was absolute . It possibly took its origin from the view that the land was the possession of the
See also:clan; that the chief was the
See also:leader but not the owner, and was no doubt strengthened by the temporary and partial occupation by the Romans . Their withdrawal, followed by the Saxon invasion, tended, without doubt, to re-establish the principle of
See also:village ownership which formed the basis of both
See also:Celtic and German tenure . In the later Saxon
See also:period, however, private ownership became gradually more extended . Then the feudal idea began to make progress in England, much as it did about the same
See also:time on the continent of
See also:Europe, and it received a
See also:great impetus from the Norman
See also:conquest . When
See also:English law began to settle down into a
See also:system, the principle of feudalism was taken as the basis, and it gradually became the undisputed
See also:maxim of English law that the
See also:sovereign was the supreme lord of all the land and that every one held under him as
See also:tenant, that there was no such thing as an absolute private right of
See also:property in land, but that the state alone as personified by the sovereign was vested with that right, and conceded to the individual possessor only a strictly defined subordinate right, subject to conditions from time to time enacted by the community (see also FEUDALISM) . Feudal tenure was divided into
See also:free and non-free . Free tenures were frankalmoign, knight service,
See also:serjeanty and free
See also:socage . These tenures are dealt with under their
See also:separate headings .
See also:Base or non-free tenure was tenure in villenage (q.v.) and
See also:copyhold (q.v.), and see also
See also:MANOR .
CHARLES ABBOTT TENTERDEN
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