TERMINUS , in
See also:mythology, the '
See also:god of boundaries, the
See also:protector of the limits both of private
See also:property and of the public territory of Rome . He was represented by a
See also:stone or
See also:post, set up in the ground with the following religious ceremonies . A
See also:trench was dug, in which a
See also:fire was lighted; a victim was sacrificed, and its
See also:blood poured into the trench; the
See also:body, upon which
See also:incense and fruits,
See also:honey and
See also:wine were thrown, was then
See also:cast into the fire . When it was entirely consumed, the boundary stone, which had been previously anointed and crowned with garlands, was placed upon the hot ashes and fixed in the ground . Any one who removed a boundary stone was accursed (sacer) and might be slain with impunity; a
See also:fine was afterwards substituted for the
See also:penalty . On the 23rd of
See also:February (the end of the old Roman
See also:year) the festival called Terminalia, according to Wissowa a festival not of the god but of the boundary stones (termini), was held . The owners of adjacent lands assembled at the
See also:common boundary stone, and crowned their own side of .the stone with garlands; an
See also:altar was set up and offerings of cakes, corn, honey and wine were made (later, a lamb or a sucking
See also:pig was sacrificed) . The proceedings closed with songs to the god and a general merry-making, in which all the members of the
See also:family and the servants took
See also:part . A similar festival was also held at the old boundary of the Roman territory between the fifth and
See also:sixth milestones on the road to Laurentum . The
See also:custom of fixing the boundaries of property and the institution of the yearly festival were both ascribed to Numa . Another
See also:prince, Titus Tatius, had dedicated a stone to Terminus on the Capitoline
See also:hill . When Tarquinius Superbus desired to build a
See also:temple to
See also:Jupiter, the auguries forbade its removal, and it was enclosed within the walls of the new sanctuary, an indication of the immovability of such stones and of the permanence of the Roman territory .
Terminus was probably in its origin only an epithet of Jupiter . The fact of the inclusion of his statue in the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus; the hole cut in the temple roof so that he might be worshipped in the openair as being, like Jupiter, a god of 1
See also:Agathocles was a native of Thermae . the
See also:sky; and the later
See also:assumption of a Jupiter Terminus or Terminalis (cf. the Greek
See also:Zeus i pws) support this view . See
See also:Dion . Halic. ii . 74; Plutarch, Numa, 16, Quaest . Rom., 15;
See also:Livy i . 55; Horace, Epodes, ii . 59; Ovid,
See also:Fasti, ii . 637, 6.77; Siculus
See also:Flaccus in Gromatici veteres, ed . Lachmann (1848); G . Wissowa, Religion and Kultus der Romer (1902) ; W .
See also:Fowler, The Roman Festivals (1899) ; G . Jourde, Le Culte du dieu Terme (
See also:Paris, 1886) .
TERMINI IMERESE (anc. Thermae Himeraeae)
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