THARROS , an
See also:town of
See also:Sardinia, situated on the west
See also:coast, on the narrow sandy
See also:isthmus of a peninsula at the
See also:north extremity of the Gulf of
See also:Oristano, now marked by the tower of S . Giovanni di Sinis . It was 12 M . W. of Othoca (Oristano) by the coast road, which went on northward to
See also:Cornus (a milestone of it is given in Corp . Incr .
See also:Lat. x . 8009), and thence to Turris Libisonis . It was of Phoenician origin, but continued to exist in
See also:Roman times, as the inscriptions show, though they give but little information (
See also:Mommsen in Corp . Inscr . Lat. x . 822) . It was destroyed by the
See also:Saracens in the 11th century .
Scanty traces of Roman buildings may be seen, and an ancient road paved with large blocks of
See also:stone . A
See also:part of the site of the town is now invaded by the
See also:sea . The
See also:church of S . Giovanni di Sinis is a heavy
See also:building of the 8th (?) century A.D. originally cruciform, with a dome over the
See also:crossing; the transepts and dome are still preserved, but the
See also:nave with its two aisles is later . It is naturally built of materials from the old town . Close to it is a
See also:watch-tower and a
See also:spring of fresh
See also:water . The importance of Tharros may be inferred from the extent of its
See also:necropolis, which lies on the basaltic peninsula of S . Marco to the S.; on the
See also:summit of it are the remains of a nuraghe . Casual excavations are mentioned under the
See also:Spanish viceroys, but
See also:regular exploration only began in 1838, when the Roman tombs were examined . In 185o Spano excavated many Phoenician tombs; they are rectangular or square
See also:chambers cut in the
See also:rock, measuring from 6 to 9 ft. each way, in which inhumation was the
See also:rule . The
See also:objects found—pottery, scarabs,
See also:jewelry, amulets, &c.—were of considerable
See also:interest . In 1851
See also:Lord Vernon opened fourteen tombs, and after that the whole countryside ransacked the necropolis, without any proper records or notes being taken, and with
See also:great damage to the objects found .
Some of these objects are in the museum at Cagliari, others in private collections, and many scarabs are in the
See also:British Museum, all of which by the coins found with them are dated later than the Roman occupation (
See also:Catalogue of Gems,
See also:London, 1888, pp . 13 sqq.) . In 1885-86 regular excavations were made, the results of whichmay be seen in the museum at Cagliari . One
See also:tomb contained some
See also:fine gold ornaments, with Roman coins of the 1st to 3rd century A.D . (F . Vivanet in Notizze degli Scavi, 1886, 27; 1887, 46, 124) . The objects, like those found at Sulcis, show considerable traces of
See also:Egyptian influence, but are probably all of Phoenician importation—the theory of the existence of Egyptian colonies in Sardinia being quite inadmissible . Some 3 M. to the N. is the church of S . Salvatore, with underground rock-cut chambers below it, used as a baptistery (?) by the early Christians, though the walls are decorated with paintings of a decidedly
See also:pagan nature . (T .
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