THASOS , an
See also:island in the
See also:north of the
See also:Sea, off the
See also:coast of
See also:Thrace and the plain of the
See also:river Nestus (now the Kara-Su) . The island was colonized at an early date by Phoenicians, attracted probably by its gold mines; they founded a
See also:temple of Heracles, which still existed in the
See also:time of
See also:Herodotus . Thasus, son of Phoenix, is said to have been the
See also:leader of the Phoenicians, and to have given his name to the island . In 720 or 708 B.C . Thasos received a Greek colony from
See also:Paros . In a war which the Parian colonists waged with the Saians, a Thracian tribe, the poet
See also:Archilochus threw away his
See also:shield . The Greeks ex-tended their power to the mainland, where they owned gold mines which were even more valuable than those on the island . From these
See also:sources the Thasians drew
See also:wealth, their
See also:annual revenues amounting to 200 or even 300 talents . Herodotus, who visited Thasos, says that the best mines on the.island were those which had been opened by the Phoenicians on the east side of the island facing
See also:Samothrace . The place was important during the Ionian revolt against
See also:Persia . After the capture of
See also:Miletus (494 B.c.)
See also:Histiaeus, the Ionian leader, laid
See also:siege to Thasos . The attack failed, but, warned by the danger, the Thasians employed their revenues to build war
See also:ships and strengthen their fortifications., This excited the suspicions of the' Persians, and Darius compelled them to surrender their ships and pull down their walls .
After the defeat of
See also:Xerxes the Thasians joined the Delian confederacy; but afterwards, on account of a difference about the mines and marts on the mainland, they revolted . The Athenians defeated them by sea, and, after a siege that lasted more than two years, took the capital, Thasos, probably in 463, and compelled the Thasians to destroy their walls, surrender their ships, pay an
See also:indemnity and an annual contribution (in 449 this was 2i talents, from 445 about 30 talents), and resign their possessions on the mainland . In 411 B.C., at the time of the oligarchical revolution at Athens, Thasos again revolted from Athens and received a Lacedaemonian
See also:governor; but in 407 the partisans of
See also:Lacedaemon were expelled, and the Athenians under
See also:Thrasybulus were admitted . After the
See also:battle of
See also:Aegospotami (405 B.c.), Thasos again fell into the hands of the Lacedaemonians under
See also:Lysander who formed a decarchy there; but the Athenians must have recovered it, for it formed one of the subjects of dispute between them and
See also:Philip II. of
See also:Macedonia . In the embroilment between Philip III. of Macedonia and the Romans, Thasos submitted to Philip, but received its freedom at the hands of the Romans after the battle of Cynoscephalae (197 B.C.), and it was still a "
See also:free " state in the time of Pliny . After a
See also:period of Latin occupation, it was captured by the
See also:Turks in 1462; it was given by the Sultan Mahmud II. to Mehemet
See also:Ali of
See also:Egypt, and still remains the
See also:property of the
See also:khedive . Thasos, the capital, stood on the north side of the island, and had two harbours, one of which was closed . Archilochus described Thasos as " an ass's backbone crowned with
See also:wood," and the description still suits the mountainous island with its forests of
See also:fir . The highest
See also:mountain, Ipsario, is 3428 ft. high . Besides its gold mines, the
See also:wine, nuts and marble of Thasos were well known in antiquity . The mines and marble quarries are no longer worked; and the chief exports are now fir
See also:timber for
See also:olive oil,
See also:honey and
See also:wax . The imports consist of manufactured goods, beasts of
See also:burden and corn, for the island is too mountainous to grow enough corn for the inhabitants .
Thepopulation, distributed in ten villages, is estimated at 8000 . The
See also:people are Greek Christians, and do not differ in appearance from the inhabitants of the other Greek islands . The villages are mostly situated at some distance from the sea; for the island suffered from pirates . Even in the early
See also:part of the 19th century sentinels stood on
See also:night and
See also:day, and at a
See also:signal of alarm the whole population, including the
See also:aga himself, used to hide in the woods . For a description of the island and its remains of antiquity, see A . Conze, Reise auf den Inseln
See also:des thrakischen Meeres (Hanover, 1860); for inscriptions see Inscr . Gr. xii . 8; the island is fully described by J. if .
See also:Baker-Penoyre in Journal
See also:Hell .
See also:xxix . (1909) .
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