Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V26, Page 728 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOSEPH HENRY THAYER (1828-1901), American biblical scholar, was born at Boston on the 7th of November 1828. He studied at the Boston Latin School, and graduated at Harvard in 185o. Subsequently he studied theology at the Harvard Divinity School, and graduated at Andover Theological Seminary in 1857. He preached in Quincy, and in 1859—64 in Salem, Massachusetts, and in 1862—63 was chaplain of the 4oth Massachusetts Volunteers. He was professor of sacred literature in Andover Seminary in 1864—82, and in 1884 succeeded Ezra Abbot as Bussey professor of New Testament criticism in the Harvard Divinity School. He died on the 26th of November 1901, soon after his resignation from the Bussey professorship. He was a member of the American Bible Revision Committee and recording secretary of the New Testament company. His chief works were his translation of Grimm's Clavis Novi Testa-, menti (1887; revised 1889) as A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, and his New Testament bibliography (1890).
End of Article: JOSEPH HENRY THAYER (1828-1901)

Additional information and Comments

Dispite the date of Thayer's lexicon, it is certainly not "outdated." Indeed, there have been many mss discoveries since his time, not the least of which are the Dead Sea Scrolls, yet a comparison of Thayer to Dauer or Gingrich or Liddell and Scott will find this lexicon trustworthy and even elucidating [at times]in comparison to the more recent lexicons. The student should not be concerned about the date of this classic work. The fact that Thayer's work is only confirmed in the more recent works is a testament to the varied sources of evidence for the biblical record perserved for us over centuries and centuries of time.
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