See also:Danube, next to which it is the greatest
See also:river of Hungary . It rises in the
See also:part of the Carpathian mountains, in the
See also:county of Maramaros, at a height of above 6300 ft., and is formed by the confluence of two branches, the Black Theiss (Fekete
See also:Tisza), and the
See also:White Theiss (Feller Tisza), which unite at about 20 M . E. of Maramaros-Sziget . The Theiss then follows a north-
See also:westerly direction until it leaves its mountainous valley, then runs west, and after a
See also:curve to the north, takes a south-westerly direction and enters the great Hungarian plain (Alf Old) . From Szolnok it runs south in an almost parallel course with that of the Danube, from which it is separated by a distance of about 6o m., and flows into the Danube near the
See also:village of Titel, 20 m . E. of
See also:Ujvidek . Its length from source to mouth is, as the crow flies, only about 340 m., but its windings make its course about 870 M. long . The Theiss is clear and swift in its course through the mountains, but in the plain it becomes slow, somewhat muddy and very tortuous . Its
See also:basin covers an
See also:area of 56,600 sq. m., and comprises the whole eastern part of Hungary, and the greater part of Transylvania, and collects all the
See also:rivers descending from the Carpathians westward . The Theiss is navigable for rafts almost everywhere, but for steamers only from Szolnok downwards, a distance of about 200 m., where the breadth of the river is 45o to 750 ft . The
See also:depth of the Theiss at low-
See also:water mark is 7 ft. at
See also:Tokaj, 20 ft. at
See also:Szeged and 11 it. at Titer, near its mouth, while the difference between the low-water mark and the high-water mark is as high as 25 to 35 ft . During its course through the great Hungarian plain the Theiss flows between
See also:flat, low-lying
See also:banks. which are the cause of periodical and sometimes disastrous inundations and of extensive marshes .
See also:works have been undertaken for the regulation and canalization of the river, which is now strongly dammed in many parts . By these works large tracts of marshes have been transformed into productive ground . Its chief tributaries are the Szamos, Ki ros, Maros, Latorcza, and the Saj6 . In its
See also:lower course ' it is joined to the Danube by the
See also:Franz Josef canal, while it is also
See also:united with
See also:Temesvar by the Bega canal .
THEISM (Gr. Beor, god)
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