Online Encyclopedia

THEOLOGY

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V26, Page 772 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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THEOLOGY, literally the science which deals with God or the gods. The word is Greek (0e6s, God; Xiyos, theory). But doctrine counted for less in Greek or Roman religion than in Christianity, and forms of worship for more. In the oldest usage BeoX6yoi were those who dealt in myths, like Hesiod and like the supposed Orpheus, the BeoX&yos par excellence. Paul Natorp 1 contends that BeoXoyla in Plato 's Republic refers wholly to the control of myths. He further denies that Aristotle identified his First Philosophy with a " theology," holding the text of the Metaphysics to be out of order and 1 Philosophische Monatshefte (1888), Heft 1 and 2. See also
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