Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V09, Page 60 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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THE EGYPTIAN ALPHABET =1; so conventionally transcribed since it unites two values, being sometimes y but often rr (especially at the beginning of words), and from the earliest times used in a manner corresponding to the Arabic hamza, to indicate a prosthetic vowel. Often lost. and qq are frequently employed for y. _ '(s) ; easily lost or changes to y. = ' (s) ; lost in Coptic. This rare sound, well known - Semitic, occurs also in Berber and Cushite languages. J =b. Q P. =f• ,vww, =n. p=r; often lost, or changes to y. r and lam distinguished in later demotic and in Coptic.* M =h distinction lost in Coptic. =b in Coptic U~. (sh) or J (kh) correspond to it. =h; tee=s =Lt; generally written withCO(1') in the Old Kingdom, but *-o corresponds to kh in Coptic. f _s distinction lost at the end of the Old Kingdom. t, (sh). A =q; Coptic K. '=a =k] Coptic K ;or 6'',x , according to dialect. 7v =g j- Coptic K ; or 6. e =t; often lost at the end of words. =t (0) ; often changes to t, otherwise Coptic T ; or Y.', 6. e1=d; in Coptic reduced to t. =d (z) ; often changes to d, Coptic 7 ; otherwise in Coptic Z. ROOTS Egyptian roots consist of consonants and semi-consonants only, the inflexion being effected by internal vowel-change and the addition of consonants or vowels at the beginning or end. The Egyptian system of writing, as opposed to the Coptic, showed only the consonantal skeletons of words: it could not record internal vowel-changes; and semi-consonants, even when radicals, were often omitted in writing.
End of Article: THE EGYPTIAN

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