See also:English musical composer. was the youngest son of Freeman
See also:Thomas and Amelia, daughter of Colonel Thomas
See also:Frederick . He was
See also:born at Ratton
See also:Sussex, on the loth of
See also:November 1850, and educated at Haileybury
See also:College . He was intended for the
See also:Civil Service, but delicate
See also:health interfered with his studies, and in 1873 he went to
See also:Paris to cultivate the musical
See also:talent he had displayed from an early age . Here he studied for two years with £mile
See also:Durand . In 1875 he returned to England, and in 1877 entered the Royal Academy of
See also:Music, where for three years he studied under Ebenezer Prout and Arthur
See also:Sullivan, winning twice the Lucas medal for composition . At a later
See also:period he received some instruction in orchestration from Max
See also:Bruch . His first published composition was a
See also:song, " Le Roi
See also:Henri," which appeared in 1871 . An early comic
See also:opera, Don Braggadocio (libretto by his
See also:brother, C . I . Thomas), was apparently unfinished; some of the music in it was afterwards used for The
See also:Web . A selection from his second opera, The
See also:Light of the
See also:Harem (libretto by Clifford
See also:Harrison), was performed at the Royal Academy of Music on the 7th of November 1879, with such success that Carl Rosa commissioned him to write II Esmeralda (libretto by T . Marzials and A .
Randegger), which was produced at
See also:Drury Lane on the 26th of
See also:March 1883 . Two years later it was given (in German) at Cologne and
See also:Hamburg, and in 1890 (in French) at Covent
See also:Garden . On the 16th of
See also:April 1885 Rosa produced at Drury Lane Thomas's
See also:fourth and best opera, Nadeshda (libretto by Julian
See also:Sturgis); a German version of which was given at
See also:Breslau in 1890 . A fifth opera, The Golden Web (libretto by F . Corder and B . C . Stephenson), slighter than its predecessors, was produced (after the composer's
See also:death) at Liverpool, Feb . 15, and at the Lyric Theatre,
See also:Mar . 11, 1893 . Besides these dramatic
See also:works Thomas's chief compositions were a psalm, " Out of the Deep," for
See also:solo and
See also:chorus (London, 1878); a choral ode, " The
See also:Sun Worshippers " (Norwich, 1881), and a suite de
See also:ballet for orchestra (Cambridge, 1887) . A cantata, The
See also:Swan and the Skylark, was found in pianoforte score among his
See also:MSS. after his death: it was orchestrated by C .
See also:Villiers Stanford, and produced at the
See also:Birmingham Festival of 1894 .
Hisminor compositions include over too songs and duets . In 1891 Thomas became engaged to be married; shortly afterwards he showed signs of
See also:mental disease, and his career came to a tragic end on the 2oth of March 1892 . He was buried in
See also:Finchley cemetery . Goring Thomas occupies a distinct place among English composers of the 19th century . His music, which shows traces of his early French training, reveals a
See also:great talent for dramatic composition and a real
See also:gift of refined and beautiful melody . Personally the most amiable of men, he was most critical of his own
See also:work, never attempting anything for which he
See also:felt he was unfitted, and constantly revising and rewriting his compositions . (W . B .
CHARLES LOUIS AMBROISE THOMAS (1811-1896)
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