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TIMOR LAUT (" Seaweed Timor '; Dutch,...

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Originally appearing in Volume V26, Page 991 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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TIMOR LAUT (" Seaweed Timor '; Dutch, Timor Laae1), TENIMBER or TENIMBAR, a group of islands in the Malay Archipelago, S.W. of the Aru Islands, between 6° 20' and 8° 3d S., and 130° 40' and 132° 5' E. By the Dutch, in whose residency of Amboyna they are included, they are politically divided into two districts; Larat, including the inhabited islands of Larat, Vordate, Molu, and Mare, together with many uninhabited islands; and Sera, including the Sera Islands, Selaru, and the southern part of Yamdena, all inhabited, Only Yamdena and Selaru are by the natives called Timor Laut; all the others they call Tenimbar. The group is in the main coralline. Vordate, Molu and south-eastern Yamdena have a maximum height of 820 ft.; the rest are low and flat, except Laibobar, apparently a volcanic islet on the west, which has an extinct crater 2000 ft. high. Yamdena, the largest island, has an area of about 'too sq. m.; the rest together about moo. Ritabel in Larat is the only safe roadstead during the east and west monsoons. The fauna includes buffaloes, a marsupial cuscus, some bats, the beautiful scarlet lory, rare varieties of the ground-thrush, honey-eater and oriole. The population is estimated at about Ig,000. The aborigines are Papuans, but much mixed with Malayan and perhaps Polynesian elements. They are a fine race, often over '6 ft. tall, noted for , their artistic sense. In other respects they are pagans in a low state of culture, mostly divided into hostile communities and addicted to piracy. The only means of subsistence is primitive agriculture the temple of Aesculapius on that site, and to execute in marble the external decorations (acroteria) for one of the gables. Considerable remains of the acroteria and the pedimental figures have been discovered (see GREEK ART, fig. 44, and EPIDAURUS).
End of Article: TIMOR LAUT (" Seaweed Timor '; Dutch, Timor Laae1), TENIMBER
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