TIPASA . (1) A
See also:town and commune on the
See also:coast of Algeria, in the department of Algiers, 3o m . W. of the capital . Pop.of the commune (1906), 2725 . The
See also:modern town, founded in 1857, is remarkable chiefly for its pleasant situation and sandy
See also:beach . The roadstead is exposed to the N.E. arid N.W . There is a mole about 90 ft. long and anchorage in six fathoms . A considerable
See also:trade is done . The
See also:Roman city of Tipasa was built on three small hills which overlooked the
See also:sea . Of the houses, most of which stood on the central
See also:hill, no traces re-
See also:main; but there are ruins of three churches—the
See also:Basilica and the Basilica
See also:Alexander on the western hill, and the Basilica of St Salsa on the eastern hill—two cemeteries, the
See also:baths, theatre, amphitheatre and
See also:nymphaeum . The
See also:line of the ram-parts can be distinctly traced and at the
See also:foot of the eastern hill the remains of the
See also:harbour . The basilicas are surrounded by cemeteries, which are full of coffins, all of
See also:stone and covered with mosaics .
The basilica of St Salsa, which has been excavated by S . Gsell, consists of a
See also:nave and two aisles, and still contains a
See also:mosaic . The Great Basilica served for centuries as a
See also:quarry, but it is still possible to make out the plan of the
See also:building, which was divided into seven aisles . Under the
See also:foundations of the
See also:church are tombs hewn out of the solid
See also:rock . Of these one is circular, with a diameter of 6o ft. and space for 24 coffins . Tipasa was founded by the Phoenicians, was made a Roman military colony by the emperor
See also:Claudius, and afterwards became a municipium . Commercially it was of considerable importance, but it was not distinguished in
See also:art or learning .
See also:Christianity was early introduced, and in the third century Tipasa was a
See also:bishop's see . Most of the inhabitants continued heathens until, according to the
See also:legend, Salsa, a Christian
See also:maiden, threw the
See also:head of their serpent idol into the sea, whereupon the enraged populace stoned her to
See also:death . The
See also:body, miraculously recovered from the sea, was buried, on the hill above the harbour, in a small
See also:chapel which gave place subsequently to the stately basilica . Salsa's martyrdom took place in the 4th century . In 484 the Vandal
See also:king Huneric (477–484) sent an Arian bishop to Tipasa; whereupon a large number of the in-habitants fled to Spain, while many of the
See also:remainder were cruelly persecuted .
See also:time the city disappears from
See also:history; and, whether or not its ruin was caused by the
See also:Arabs, they seem to have made no settlement there . (2) Another town which in Roman times was called Tipasa is in the department of
See also:Constantine, Algeria, 55 M. due south of Bona, 3140 ft. above the sea; it is now called Tifesh . The chief ruin is that of an extensive fortress, the walls of which are 9 ft. thick . TIP-CAT (also called Cat and Cat and
See also:Dog), a pastime which consists in tapping with a stick a
See also:billet of
See also:wood with sharpened ends upon one of these ends, so that it jumps in the air, and then hitting it to the greatest possible distance . There are many varieties of the
See also:game, but in the most
See also:common the
See also:batter, having placed the billet, or cat, in a small circle on the ground, tips it into the air and hits it to a distance . His opponent then offers him a certain number of points, based upon his estimate of the number of hops or jumps necessary to cover the distance . If the batter thinks the distance underestimated he is at liberty to decline the offer and measure the distance in jumps, and score the number made, The game is one or more hundreds .
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