TOLEDO , acity and
See also:port of entry, the
See also:county-seat of Lucas county,
See also:Ohio, U.S.A., on both
See also:banks of the Maumee
See also:river, about 4 M. from Maumee
See also:Bay, Lake
See also:Erie, and about 95 M . W. of
See also:Cleveland . Pop . (1900), 131,822, of whom 1710 were negroes, and 27,822 were
See also:born, including 12,373 Germans, 2449
See also:English Canadians, and 1636 English; (1910
See also:census) 168,497 .
See also:Area, 28.57 sq. m . Toledo is served by the
See also:Ann Arbor, the
See also:Hamilton &
See also:Dayton, the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & St
See also:Louis, the
See also:Detroit, Toledo &
See also:Milwaukee, the Detroit & Toledo
See also:Line, the Hocking Valley, the Lake Shore & Michigan
See also:Southern, the Michigan Central, the Pennsylvania, the Pere Marquette, the Toledo, St Louis & Western, the
See also:Wabash, and the
See also:Wheeling & Lake Erie
See also:railways, by a "
See also:belt line " (30 M. long), the Toledo Railway & Terminal
See also:Company, by ten interurban electric railways (about 585 m.), and by the Wabash & Erie and the
See also:Miami & Erie canals . A channel 400 ft. wide and 21 ft. deep admits the largest vessels from Lake Erie to the city . Six passenger and
See also:freight steamship lines communicate with Cleveland,
See also:Sandusky, Detroit, Port
See also:Huron, Alpena, Mackinac, Georgian Bay and other points on the
See also:Great Lakes, and the city has 25 M. of docks . The city
See also:system includes
See also:Ottawa Park (28o acres), Bay View Park (202 acres),
See also:Riverside Park (118 acres), Central
See also:Grove Park (
See also:Ioo acres),
See also:Collins Park (90 acres), Walbridge Park (67 acres), with a zoo-logical collection,
See also:Navarre Park (53 acres), several smaller parks and triangles, and a
See also:boulevard, 18 m. long (incomplete in 1910), connecting the parks . Noteworthy public buildings are the County
See also:house, the Public Library (about 85,000 volumes in 1910), the Soldiers' Memorial
See also:Building, the Toledo
See also:Club and the Toledo Museum of
See also:Art (1901) . The city is the seat of Toledo University, including Toledo Medical
See also:College (188o), which is affiliated, for clinical purposes, with the Toledo Hospital (1876) . There are numerous hospitals and charities .
Toledo is the port of entry for the Miami customs
See also:district and is an important
See also:shipping point for the iron and copper ores and
See also:lumber from the Lake
See also:Superior and Michigan regions, for petroleum,
See also:coal, fruit, and
See also:grain and
See also:clover-seed . In 1909 the imports of the port were valued at $642,286 and the exports at $600,794 . The capital invested in manufacturing under the factory system in 1905 was $38,643,390 (62.4 % more than that of 1900) . The value of the factory products in 1905 was $44,823,004 (40.2 %more than in 1900) . Foundry and machine-
See also:shop products ($4,087,497) were the most valuable manufactures in 1905 . In
See also:flour and grist
See also:mill products (value in 1905, $3,676,290) Toledo is the most important city of the state . Other important manufactures in 1905 were petroleum products ($2,006,484) ; lumber and planing mill products ($1,604,274);
See also:women's clothing ($1,477,648);
See also:children's carriages and sleds ($1,465,599);
See also:car-shop construction and repairs, by steam railway companies ($1,366,506); carriages and wagons ($1,225,387); structural iron
See also:work ($1,102,035); agricultural implements, bicycles, automobiles (a
See also:recent and growing
See also:plate and cut-
See also:glass (made largely from a
See also:fine quality of sand found near the city),
See also:tobacco, spices and malted liquors . The building of boats, and of large vessels is also an important industry . At Rossford (pop. about 400), a suburb, is the large plant of the
See also:Ford plate-glass
See also:works . The
See also:water supply is derived from the Maumee river and is filtered by a municipal filtration plant . The administration of the city became famous after 1897 when
See also:Samuel Milton
See also:Jones (1846-1904), a manufacturer of oil machinery, was elected mayor by the Republican party ; he was re-elected on a non-
See also:partisan ticket in 1899, 1901 and 1903, and introduced business methods into the city
See also:government . His honesty and sincerity inbusiness and politics 'gained him the
See also:nickname "
See also:Rule" Jones .
See also:movement which he started was carried on under Brand Whitlock (b . 1869), a lawyer and writer who was mayor of Toledo in 1906-1911 . The city council has 16 members, three elected at large and the others by wards, and there are boards of public service, public safety, public
See also:health and
See also:education . The site of Toledo lies within an immense
See also:tract of
See also:land, constituting sixteen reservations, acquired by the
See also:United States government from several
See also:Indian tribes in 1795, and a stockade fort, called Fort Industry, was built here about 1800 . In 1817 two companies bought from the government a portion of the tract, at the mouth of
See also:Swan Creek, including most of the land now occupied by Toledo . Upon the tract farthest up-stream the
See also:town of Port
See also:Lawrence was laid out (in 1817) . In 1832 a
See also:rival company laid out the town of Vistula on the tract immediately below Port Lawrence, in the following
See also:year these towns were united and were named Toledo, and in 1837 the city was incorporated . The " Toledo War " was a dispute over the boundary between Ohio and Michigan . When Ohio Territory was organized in 1800 its
See also:northern boundary was described as a line
See also:drawn from the southern extremity of Lake Michigan due east to the Pennsylvania line, and the official map of the
See also:time placed the southern end of Lake Michigan at 42° 20' N.
See also:lat . The state constitution adopted in 1802 followed the enabling
See also:act in accepting this line, but made the proviso that if it should not intersect Lake Erie east of the mouth of the Miami river, then the northern boundary should be a line from the southern end of Lake Michigan to the most northern cape of Maumee Bay and thence to the Territorial line, and to the Pennsylvania line . In 18o5 the Territory of Michigan was organized with a southern boundary in accordance with the line extending due east from the southern end of Lake Michigan; and therefore there was in dispute a
See also:strip of land, about 5 M. wide at its western end and about 8 m. wide at its eastern end, a
See also:rich agricultural region, stretching, across portions of what are now Lucas, Fulton and
See also:Williams counties, and including all of what are now
See also:Ashtabula and Lake counties, and portions of Geauga and Cuyahoga counties, in Ohio . Within the belt
See also:lay what is now Toledo, and its great importance as a lake port was even then clearly recognized .
On the 29th of
See also:January 1818 the Ohio legislature accepted the "
See also:Harris line " (surveyed in 1817 in accordance with the proviso of the state constitution) as the northern boundary of the state . Acting on the recommendation of
See also:Governor Robert Lucas (1781—1853), on the 23rd of '
See also:February 1835 the Ohio legislature passed an Act extending the northern boundaries of what were then
See also:Henry and Williams counties (lying partly within the disputed strip)
See also:north to the Harris line, and providing for the organization of new townships within this added territory, and, for the
See also:appointment of three commissioners to re-mark the line . Upon the appointment (
See also:March 9, 1835) by Governor Lucas of the three commissioners to re-mark the Harris line, Governor
See also:Stevens T .
See also:Mason of Michigan ordered out a division of Michigan militia, which near the end of March entered and took possession of Toledo . A division of Ohio militia marched to Perrysburg, on the Maumee river, about 10 m. south of Toledo; but both militias disbanded when
See also:Richard Rush, of
See also:Philadelphia, and Benjamin C .
See also:Howard, of Baltimore, appeared at Toledo as peace emissaries, appointed by
See also:Jackson . In
See also:April several members of the party accompanying the Ohio commissioners were arrested by Michigan militia . In
See also:June the Ohio legislature created Lucas county, mostly from the disputed territory, and made Toledo its county-seat . President Jackson now urged Michigan to discontinue interfering with the re-marking of the Harris line, and requested Ohio to postpone putting into effect the Act of February 1835; but as
See also:petty outbreaks continued throughout the summer and an Ohio
See also:judge and court
See also:officers at Toledo were arrested in
See also:September, he peremptorily removed Governor Mason from
See also:office . In June 1836 Congress decided the dispute in favour of Ohio, and in 1837 Michigan was admitted to the Union as a state upon
See also:condition of relinquishing all claim to the disputed territory, but received what is now known as the Upper Peninsula (the land between Lakes Superior, Huron and Michigan) .
JOHN [christened JANUS JuN1us] TOLAND (1670-1722)
COUNCILS OF TOLEDO (Concilia toletana)
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