TONSON , the name of a
See also:family of
See also:London booksellers and publishers .
See also:Richard and Jacob Tonson (c . 1656–1736), sons of a London
See also:barber-surgeon, started in 1676 and 1677 independently as booksellers and publishers in London . In 1679 Jacob, the better known of the two, bought and published
See also:Troilus and Cressida, and from that
See also:time was closely associated with Dryden, and published most of his
See also:works . He published the
See also:Miscellany Poems (1684–1708) under Dryden's editorship, the collection being known indifferently as Dryden's or Tonson's Miscellany, and also Dryden's
See also:translation of Virgil (1697) . Serious disagreements over the price paid, however, arose between poet and publisher, and in his
See also:Faction Displayed (1705) Dryden described Tonson as having " two
See also:left legs, and Judas-coloured hair." Subsequently the relations between the two men inlproved . The
See also:brothers jointly published Dryden's
See also:Spanish Friar (1683) . Jacob Tonson also published Congreve's
See also:Double Dealer,
See also:Vanbrugh's The Faithful Friend and The Confederacy, and the pastorals of
See also:Pope, thus justifying Wycherly's description of him as "
See also:usher to the Muses." He bought also the valuable rights of
See also:Paradise Lost,
See also:half in 1683 and half in 1690 . This was his first profitable venture in
See also:poetry . In 1712 he became joint publisher with
See also:Samuel Buckley of the Spectator, and in the following
See also:year published
See also:Cato . He was the
See also:original secretary and a prominent member of the
See also:Club . About 1720 he gave up business and retired to
See also:Herefordshire, where he died on the and of
See also:April 1736 .
His business was carried on by his
See also:nephew, Jacob Tonson, jun . (d . 1735), and subsequently by his
See also:grand-nephew, also Jacob (d . 1767) .
TONSURE (Lat. tonsura, from tondere, to shave)
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