See also:body of conical, circular or
See also:oval shape with a point or peg on which it turns or is made to whirl . The twisting or whirling motion is applied by
See also:whipping or lashing when it is a "
See also:whip-ping top" or " peg-top," or by the rapid unwinding of a
See also:string tightly
See also:round a
See also:head or handle . When the body is hollow this results in a whirring
See also:noise, whence the name " humming top." Other kinds of tops are made as supports for coloured disks which on revolving show a kaleidoscopic variation of patterns . The top is also used in certain
See also:games of
See also:chance, when it is generally known as a"
See also:teetotum." There are many references to it in
See also:ancient classical literature . The Greek terms for the toy are ,QEµ0t , which was evidently the whipping or peg top (Arist . Birds, 1461), and orpo(iiXos, a humming top, spun by a string (
See also:Rep. iv . 436 E.) . In
See also:Homer (Il. xiv . 413) the word trrpbpfios seems to point to the humming top . The Latin name for the top was turbo . This word and the Greek A6 3os are sometimes translated by " top " when they refer to the instrument used in the Dionysiac mysteries, which, when whirled in the air by a string, produced a booming noise . This was no doubt the
See also:equivalent of the " bull roarer " (q.v.) .
See also:Strutt (Games and Pastimes, 491) says that the top was known in England as early as the 14th century . For the scientific properties of the top see GYROSCOPE and GYROSTAT . This word must be distinguished from that signifying the highest or uppermost
See also:part of anything . It appears to have meant origin-ally a tuft or crest of hair, cf . Ger . Zopf, Du. top, Icel . Copps, &c.; it is allied to Eng . " tap," a spike for a cask, and " tip," point . Some etymologists have identified the two words, the toy being so called from
See also:spinning on its top or tip, but the two German forms seem to prove conclusively that the words are different .
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