Online Encyclopedia

TRANSOM (probably a corruption of Lat...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V27, Page 186 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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TRANSOM (probably a corruption of
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Lat. transtrum, a thwart, in a boat; equivalents are Fr.
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traverse, croisillon, Ger. Losholz)
  ,the architectural
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term given to the
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horizontal lintel or beam which is framed across a window, dividing it into stages or heights . In early
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Gothic ecclesiastical
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work transoms are only found in belfry unglazed windows or
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spire lights, where they were deemed necessary to strengthen the mullions in the absence of the iron stay bars, which in glazed windows served a similar purpose . In domestic work, on account of the opening casements, they are more frequently found . In the later Gothic, and more especially the Perpendicular period, the introduction of transoms became very general in windows of all kinds .

End of Article: TRANSOM (probably a corruption of Lat. transtrum, a thwart, in a boat; equivalents are Fr. traverse, croisillon, Ger. Losholz)
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