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TREBINJE

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V27, Page 232 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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TREBINJE, a town of Herzegovina, situated 9 M. N. E. of mercial importance, the remoteness of its position prevented it Ragusa, on the small river Trebinj'eica, and on a branch of from being much known to fame either in the Hellenic or the early the railway from Metkovic to Castelnuovo, near Cattaro. Pop. medieval period; its greatness dates from the time of the fourth (1895), about 1700. Trebinje is built in a low-lying oasis among crusade (1204), when the Byzantine Empire was dismembered the desolate limestone mountains, close to the Dalmatian and and its capital occupied by the Latins. During the confusion Montenegrin frontiers. Its half-ruined wall and citadel testify that followed that event Alexius Comnenus escaped into Asia, to its former strategic importance. Trebinje was built by the and, having collected an army of Iberian mercenaries, entered Slays, probably on the site of a Roman town laid waste by the Trebizond, where he was acknowledged as the legitimate sove-Saracens in 84o. In the tenth century Constantine Porphyro- reign, and assumed the title of Grand Comnenus. Though only genitus mentions it as Terbunia. It commanded the road from twenty-two years of age, Alexius was a man of ability and Ragusa to Constantinople, traversed, in 1096, by Raymond of resolute will, and he succeeded without difficulty in making Toulouse and his crusaders. Under the name of Tribunia or himself master of the greater part of the southern coast Travunja (the Trebigne of the Ragusans), it belonged to the of the Black Sea. The empire thus founded continued to Servian Empire until 1355. In 1483 it was captured by the exist until 1461, when the city was taken by Mahommed II. Turks. The cause of this long duration, and at the same time the
End of Article: TREBINJE
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