Online Encyclopedia

SAMUEL PRIDEAUX TREGELLES (1813–1875)

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Originally appearing in Volume V27, Page 238 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SAMUEL PRIDEAUX TREGELLES (1813–1875), English theologian, was born. at Wodehouse Place, near Falmouth, on the 3oth of January 1813. His parents were Quakers, and he himself for many years was in communion with the (Darbyite) Plymouth Brethren,. but afterwards became a Presbyterian. Dodona; the sacred oak of which the Argo was built) ; also (b) it was believed that the divine essence could be made to enter—transubstantiated as it were—into an image (cf. Rameses II. and 'his idols; see Breasted, Egypt. Hist. Doc. iii. 179, note; and for analogies see Folk-Lore, viii. 325). ' Even the Hebrews knew of the good-will of " Him who dwelt in the bush " (Deut. xxxiii. 16). For ideas associating Yahweh (Jehovah) with trees, see J. G. Frazer, Anthrop. Essays to E. B. Tylor (1907), p. 125 seq. 2 See Chadwick 33, 35; Frazer, Lectures, 225; and Hartland ii. 181, 184 (who refers to the tree-worship taken over by St Maree and St Etto). Even the temples of Dodona and of Jupiter Capitolinus stood on the sites of older tree-worship. For a while he worked at the ironworks, Neath Abbey, Glamorgan, and then set up as a private tutor in Falmouth, finally devoting himself to a laborious student life, until he was incapacitated by paralysis in 1870. He received the LL.D. degree from St Andrews and a pension of £200 from the civil list. He died at Plymouth on the 24th of April 1875. Most of his numerous publications had reference to his great critical edition of the New Testament (1857–1872; see BIBLE; New Testament, Textual Criticism). They include an Account of the Printed Text of the Greek New Testament (1854), a new edition of T. H. Horne's Introduction (186o), and Canon Muratorianus: Earliest Catalogue of Books of the New Testament (1868). As early as 1844 he published an edition of the Book of the Revelation, with the Greek text so revised as to rest almost entirely upon ancient evidence. Tregelles wrote Heads of Hebrew Grammar (1852), translated Gesenius's Hebrew Lexicon, and was the author of a little work on the Jansenists (1851) and of various works in exposition of his special eschatological views (Remarks on the Prophetic Visions of Daniel, 1852, new ed., 1864).
End of Article: SAMUEL PRIDEAUX TREGELLES (1813–1875)
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