See also:town of a sanjak of the same name in the
See also:Beirut vilayet of
See also:Syria, situated about 2 M. inland from its
See also:port, al-
See also:Mina . The
See also:ancient Phoenician city, which we know only by its Greek name of Tripolis, was the seat in Persian times of the federal council of Sidon, Tyre and Aradus, each of which cities had its
See also:separate quarter in the " triple town." In the 2nd and 1st centuries B.c., under Seleucid and
See also:Roman influences successively, it struck autonomous coins . These are succeeded by imperial coins ranging from 32 B.C. to A.D . 221 . About 450, and again in 550, it was destroyed by
See also:earthquake . The
See also:Arabs took it in 638 after a prolonged
See also:siege, the inhabitants withdrawing by
See also:sea . Moawiya recruited the population by a colony of Jews and gave it fortifications and a garrison against the
See also:naval attacks of the Greeks, who, notwithstanding, retook it for a brief space in the
See also:time of Abdalmalik . It was again taken by the Greeks in the war of 966–69 and was besieged by
See also:Basil II. in 995, after which date it was held by a garrison in the pay of the Fatimite caliphs of
See also:Egypt, who treated the city with favour and maintained in it a trading
See also:fleet . At this time, according to the description of Nasir Khosrau, who visited it in 1047, it
See also:lay on the peninsula of Al-Mina, bathed on three sides by the sea, and had about 20,000 inhabitants and important
See also:industries of
See also:sugar and paper-making . Of the
See also:great sea-walls and towers there are still imposing remains . From this date till it was taken by the crusaders, after a five years' siege, in 1109, the ruling
See also:family was that of `Ammar, which founded a library of over soo,000 volumes . Under the crusaders
See also:Tripoli continued to. flourish, exported
See also:glass to Venice, and had 4000 looms .
In 1289 it was taken and destroyed by thesultan
See also:Kola'un of Egypt, and a new city was begun on the
See also:present site, which rapidly
See also:rose to importance . Its
See also:medieval prosperity has obliterated most
See also:relics of remoter antiquity . Tripoli had a troubled existence during the
See also:period of
See also:Ottoman weakness (the 18th and early 19th centuries), being frequently in dispute between the
See also:pasha of
See also:Aleppo and the
See also:rebel pashas of Acre . After the
See also:conquest of Syria it was made the capital of a province in 1834; but in 184o it reverted to the minor position which it now holds . It is connected by a
See also:carriage road with Horns and by a steam
See also:tramway with Beirut, and is the natural outlet of the upper
See also:Orontes valley; but its inland
See also:trade has been greatly damaged by the Horns-Aleppo railway . From its own
See also:district, however, it exports
See also:tobacco, oil,
See also:sponges, eggs and fruit, and is a prosperous and growing place with a large Christian
See also:element in its population (about 30,000, the port-town included) . It is served regularly by the Levantine lines of steamers . (D . G .
TRIPOLI (Tarabulus el-Gharb, i.e. Tripoli of the We...
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