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WILLIAM TYTLER (1711-1792)

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Originally appearing in Volume V27, Page 552 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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WILLIAM TYTLER (1711-1792), of Woodhouselee, Scottish historian and antiquarian, son of Alexander Tytler of Edinburgh, was born in that city on the 12th of October 1711. He was educated at the High School and the University, and was in 1744 admitted into the society of Writers to the Signet. In 1759 he published an Inquiry, Historical and Critical, defending the character of Mary, Queen of Scots, and in 1783 the Poetical Remains of James the First, King of Scotland. He died at Woodhouselee on the 12th of September 1792. His life, written by Henry Mackenzie, was published in 1796. His son ALEXANDER FRASER TYTLER, Lord Woodhouselee (1747-1813), Scottish judge, was born at Edinburgh on the 15th of October 1747. He was called to the Edinburgh bar in 1770. His first work, a supplement to Lord Kames's Dictionary of Decisions, entitled The Decisions of the Court of Session, was published in 1778, and a continuation appeared in 1796. In 178o he was appointed conjoint professor of universal history in the university of Edinburgh, becoming sole professor in 1786. In 1783 he published Outlines of his course of lectures, extended and republished in 1801 under the title of Elements of General History. In 1790 he was appointed judge-advocate of Scotland, and while holding this office he wrote a Treatise on the Law of Courts-Martial. In 18o1 he was raised to the bench, taking his seat (1802) in the court of session as Lord Woodhouselee. He died at Edinburgh on the 5th of January 1813. Besides the works already mentioned, he wrote Life and Writings of Dr John Gregory (1788); Essay on the Principles of Translation (1790); a dissertation on Final Causes, prefixed to his edition of Derham's Physico-Theology (1799); a political pamphlet entitled Ireland profiting by Example (1799) ; an Essay on Laura and Petrarch (18o1); and Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Henry Home of Kames (1807).
End of Article: WILLIAM TYTLER (1711-1792)
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