Online Encyclopedia

UMRA KHAN

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V27, Page 578 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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UMRA KHAN, of Jandol (c. 186o–1903), a Pathan chief on the north-western frontier of India, who was chiefly responsible for the Chitral Campaign of 1895. He was the younger son of the khan of Jandol; but he killed his elder brother, seized the throne, and made himself a power on the frontier. In 1894 he held undisputed sway over almost the whole of Bajour, when his restless ambition caused him to interfere in the internal affairs of Chitral. He instigated Amir-ul-Mulk, a half-witted brother of the Chitral chief, to murder his brother Nizam-ul-Mulk, and then threw over the fratricide and supported the claims of his uncle Sher Afzul to the throne. The government of India intervened and ordered Umra Khan to leave Chitral. When he refused, the Chitral Expedition was despatched (see CHITRAL); Umra Khan was driven into exile in Afghanistan, and died there in 1903. 11
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