VALENCIA , acity of
See also:Venezuela and capital of the state of
See also:Carabobo, IiI m. by
See also:rail W.S.W. of
See also:Caracas, and 24 M.
See also:direct (334 M. by rail) S. by E. of Puerto Cabello . Pop . (1894) 38,654 . There is railway connexion with Caracas by the
See also:Great Venezuela
See also:line (German) and with Puerto Cabello by the Puerto Cabello and Valencia line (
See also:English), which crosses the N. range of the Maritime
See also:Andes . There is also a steamboat service on Lake Valencia . The city is situated on the N.W. border of a lacustrine plain occupied in great
See also:part by Lake Tacarigua, or Valencia,' and nearly 2 M. from its western margin . It is beautifully situated in a large fertile valley between parallel ranges of the Maritime Andes, about 1625 ft. above
See also:sea-level, and in the midst of
See also:rich plantations and luxuriant tropical vegetation . The
See also:climate is mild and pleasant, the temperature ranging from 66° to 87° F . i Lake Valencia occupies one of the so-called
See also:Aragua valleys, enclosed between the parallel ranges of the Maritime Andes . It is 1348 ft. above the sea, is about 3o m. long, has an
See also:area of 216 sq. m., and a catchment
See also:basin of 1782 sq. m., and lies partly in the state of Aragua . It includes a number of small islands, some inhabited, and receives the
See also:waters of a score of small streams from the surrounding mountains.with an
See also:annual mean of 76°, and the rainfall being about the same as that of Caracas, or 23 to 30 in . Near Valencia on the Puerto Cabello railway are the
See also:Las Trincheras thermal springs .
Among Valencia's public edifices and institutions are some
See also:good churches, the
See also:government palace, a university, a
See also:college for
See also:women, a normal school for men and a public library . Valencia was founded in 1555 and is older than Caracas . It was occupied for a
See also:time in 1561 by Aguirre and his
See also:band of out-
See also:laws . At the beginning of the War of Independence it was made the capital of Venezuela, and the patriot congress was in session there in 1812 when Caracas was destroyed by an
See also:earthquake . It changed masters several times during the war, its most famous events being two successful defences in 1814 against
See also:Spanish besieging forces . The
See also:town suffered much in the war and from subsequent revolutions, but the remarkable productiveness of the surrounding districts and its advantageous commercial position ensured a prompt recovery from all reverses .
VALENCIA DE ALCANTARA
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