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JAN VAN BEES (1821-1888)

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Originally appearing in Volume V27, Page 880 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JAN VAN BEES (1821-1888), Belgian poet, usually called " the elder " to distinguish him from his son, Jan van Beers, the well-known painter, was born at Antwerp on the 22nd of February 1821. He was essentially a Netherlander, though politically a Belgian, expressing his thoughts in the same language as any North Netherland writer. In fact, the poems of Jan van Beers are perhaps more popular in Holland than in Belgium, and of many of them there exist more editions printed in Holland than in his political fatherland. Van Beers started life as a teacher of Dutch language and literature, first at Malines, then at Lierre, and in 186o was appointed a professor of both at the Athenaeum (high school) in Antwerp, where he had also been a sub-librarian in the communal library. Van Beers as a teacher was early in the field, with Hendrik Conscience, Willems and others, when the Flemish movement began. He composed a Dutch grammar (1852), which, in enlarged editions, still holds the field, and a volume of selections from Dutch authors, both books being so much appreciated that the Belgian government made them text-books in the public schools. Van Beers's historical poems, the principal of which is, perhaps, Jakob Van Maerlant (Amsterdam, r86o), helped the Flemish revival in Belgium as powerfully as his school-books. He is best known, however, as the writer of ballads and songs. Jongelingsdroomen (" A Young Man's Dreams ") first appeared at Antwerp and Amsterdam in 1853. These poems were followed by Levensbeelden (" Life Figures or Pictures," Amsterdam, 1858) and by Gevoel en Leven (" Feeling—Living," Amsterdam, 1861). His Rijzende Bladen (" Rising Leaves ") first made its appearance at Ghent and Rotterdam in 1883. In the following year an edition de luxe of his poetry was published, adorned with pen-and-ink sketches by Jan van Beers the younger, and a popular edition of his collected poems was published at Ghent and Rotterdam in 1873 and 1884. Among the best known are De Blinde (" Blind "), De Zieke Jongeling (" Young and Doomed "), Bij 't Kerkportaal (" At the Church Porch "). Van Beers's poetry, full of glow and pathos, simple yet forcible, is somewhat akin to that of Longfellow. Van Beers died at Antwerp on the 14th of November r888.
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