See also:Italian painter and architect, whose
See also:main distinction, however, rests on his valuable
See also:history of Italian
See also:art, was
See also:born at
See also:Arezzo on the 3oth of
See also:July 1511 . At a very early age he became a
See also:pupil of Guglielmo da Marsiglia, a very skilful painter of stained
See also:glass, to whom he was recommended by his own kinsman, the painter Luca
See also:Signorelli . At the age of sixteen he went to Florence, where he studied under Michelangelo and
See also:Andrea del Sarto, aided by the patronage of the Medici princes . In 1529 he visited Rome and studied the
See also:works of
See also:Raphael and others of his school . The paintings of
See also:Vasari were much admired by the rapidly degenerating taste of the 16th century; but they possess the smallest amount of merit, being in the main feeble parodies of the powerful works of Michelangelo . Vasari was largely employed in Florence, Rome, Naples, Arezzo and other places . Many of his pictures still exist, the most important being the
See also:wall and
See also:ceiling paintings in the
See also:hall of the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, and his frescoes on the cupola of the
See also:cathedral, which, however, were not completed at the
See also:time of his
See also:death . As an architect he was perhaps more successful: the loggia of the Uffizi by the Arno, and the long passage connecting it with the Pitti Palace, are his chief works . Unhappily he did much to injure the
See also:medieval churches of S . Maria Novella and
See also:Santa Croce, from both of which he removed the
See also:screen and
See also:loft, and remodelled the retro-
See also:choir in the degraded taste of his time . Vasari enjoyed a very high repute during his lifetime and amassed a considerable
See also:fortune . He built himself in 1547 a fine
See also:house in Arezzo, and spent much labour in decorating its walls and vaults with paintings .
He was elected one of the municipalcouncil or priori of his native
See also:town, and finally
See also:rose to the supreme
See also:office of gonfaloniere . He died at Florence on the 27th of
See also:June 1571 . Personally Vasari was a man of upright character,
See also:free from vanity, and always ready to appreciate the works of others: in spite of the narrow and meretricious taste of his time, he expresses a warm admiration of the works of such men as Cimabue and
See also:Giotto, which is very remarkable . As an art historian of his
See also:country he must always occupy the highest
See also:rank . His great
See also:work was first published in 1550, and after-wards partly rewritten and enlarged in 1568, bearing the title belie Vile de'
See also:pin eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori . It was dedicated to Cosimo de' Medici, and was printed at Florence by the Giunti; it is a small
See also:quarto illustrated with many
See also:good woodcut portraits . This editio princeps of the
See also:complete work is usually bound in three volumes, and also contains a very valuable
See also:treatise on the technical methods employed in all branches of the arts, entitled Le Tre Arti del discgaao, cioe architeltura, pittura, e scoltura . His
See also:biographies are written in a very pleasant
See also:style, interspersed with amusing stories . With a few exceptions Vasari's
See also:judgment is acute and unbiased . And though
See also:modern criticism—with all the new materials opened up by research—has done valuable work in upsetting a good many of his traditional accounts and attributions, the result is a tendency very often to under-estimate Vasari's accuracy and to multiply hypotheses of a rather speculative character . The work .in any case remains a classic, however it may be supplemented by the more critical
See also:research of modern days . Vasari gives a
See also:sketch of his own biography at the end of his 'Vite, and adds further details about himself and his
See also:family in his lives of Lazzaro Vasari and Francesco Salviati .
The best edition of Vasari's works is that published at Florence by
See also:Milanesi (1878-1882), which embodies the valuable notes in the earlier edition by Le
See also:Monnier (1846) ; another, by Venturi, was begun in 1896 . ' The Lives has been translated into French, German and
See also:English (by Mrs
See also:London, 185o) .
VASA, or NIKOLAISTAD
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